A microbe found in a mass of clay extracted from the deep sea off the coast of Japan helped scientists unpack the talismans of one of the first important stages of development for life on Earth..
This stage is the shift from the simple cells that initially spread across the surface of the planet to the complex life forms of fungi, plants and animals, including humans..
Researchers said on Wednesday in the journal Nature that they were able to study the biology of this extracted microorganism at a depth of 2.5 kilometers below the surface of the sea after its care in order to grow in the laboratories..
Scientists called it (Promethio Arcaeum Centrovicum) a reference to Prometheus, who made man from clay in Greek myths and stole fire from the gods. Scientists have discovered by a strange microbe feeding on meteorites that reveals secrets about the universe as well.
This new round-celled organism, with a diameter of about 500 nanometers, that is, one at 20,000 centimeters, has sensor-like growths on its outer surface. This object is part of a group called Arcaya, which is a microorganism that lacks internal structures such as the nucleus..
Scientists have been puzzled for a long time in the cycle of transformation in the evolution of life from these bacteria-like organisms to the initial form of fungi, then plants and animals in a group called Eucariot, a transformation that may have occurred about two billion years ago..
And based on an arduous laboratory study of this organism and observations of its symbiotic relationship with the accompanying bacteria, scientists were able to come to an explanation..
They said that the appendages predict any transient bacteria that they ingest and swallow, eventually turning into organelles that represent an internal structure that forms the energy center of the cell and is vital for breathing and producing energy..
Scientists had used a research submarine to collect the clay mass that contained this object from an omni groove off Japan in 2006.