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The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation decided to suspend the use of the pesticide Arena 7%, as a precautionary measure after it caused damage to some of the cultivated areas of wheat, even though it is used to control weeds that infest wheat, collect its packages from the market and preserve them by the pesticide control section of the Central Pesticide Laboratory in coordination with the Environment and Surface Police , With the suspension of importing new quantities from it until taking measures to ensure that this does not happen again in the future.
An official report, issued by the Pesticides Committee, headed by Dr. Mohamed Abdel-Meguid, Chairman of the Committee, indicated that the reports of pesticide analysis carried out by the Central Laboratory of Pesticides by conforming the pesticide to natural and chemical specifications, clarify that no pesticide residues were found in wheat plants above the permissible limits, As a small percentage of Flurasulam (0.007 mg / kg), a component of the 7% OD pesticide, was revealed, indicating that in order to avoid the recurrence of such phenomena, the committee is in the process of taking a decision to prevent the use of any herbicide by more than one use rate.
And «Abdul Majeed», that the report of the Central Laboratory for Weed Research clarified that the reason for the toxicity of the pesticide to the wheat plant is due to the presence of errors in the application or its non-conformity with the specifications with the recommendation to send it to the Central Laboratory of Pesticides for analysis, explaining that this pesticide is recommended from the year 2016/2017 and during The trial period at the research stations in the past years has not recorded any damage to the wheat crop, and currently the compound is evaluated again in the Gemmayze and Cypress stations and has not caused any toxicity to the wheat plant.
This comes, while Dr. Mohamed Abdel-Meguid, Chairman of the Pesticides Committee revealed a number of facts related to responding to complaints received from some farmers regarding herbicides Arena 7% OD, explaining that these responses include 11 facts which are:
1. Arena pesticide 7% OD is a mixture of Clodinafop-propargyl + Florasulam, a broad and narrow-leaved weed killer on wheat – registration number 2706 (dated 20/8/2017). The concentration is 5% + 0.05% – Gingado Nongguan Pesticide Co. Ltd. (China) is classified in the World Health Organization under the section U in terms of toxicity (relatively safe) and the local company and carries the name «Starkem for the manufacture of chemicals», and it is one of the pesticides recommended for use in wheat fields against annual grassy weeds at a rate of 350 cm 3 per acre and broad-leaved annual weeds at a rate of 500 cm 3 per acre – 100 days before harvest.
2. On 12/30/2019, a letter was sent to Dr. Abdo Obaid Ismail, director of the Central Laboratory for Weed Research, by taking the necessary measures and reporting an immediate report on a complaint submitted to the Committee on December 29, 2019, from citizens in the Menoufia governorate regarding damage to wheat pesticides for the wheat crop ( Arena pesticide).
3. A sample of the pesticide referred to, along with the wheat plant treated with this pesticide, was sent to the Central Pesticide Laboratory on 12/31/2019 to analyze the pesticide sample and plant samples to determine the residues.
4. On 2/1/2020, a scientific report was sent to Dr. Ragab Absi, supervisor of the authority sector and the affairs of the Office of the Minister of Agriculture, regarding what has been accomplished in this regard, and the report of the committee sent from the Central Laboratory for Weed Research, which indicated the occurrence of damage and death of the wheat plant by 40- 50% in the form of spots spread throughout the fields and that the pesticide has an effect on broad-leaved weeds.
The report of the Central Laboratory for Weed Research indicated that the reason for the toxicity of the pesticide to the wheat plant may be due to the presence of errors in the application or its non-conformity with the specifications, while recommending that it be sent to the Central Laboratory of Pesticides for analysis. The report indicated that this pesticide is recommended from the year 2016/2017 and during its testing period at research stations in the past years, no damage was recorded on the wheat crop and currently the compound is evaluated again at Gemmayze and Cypress stations and did not cause any toxicity to the wheat plant.
5. The importing company of the pesticide was addressed by the Committee’s letter No. 2984 dated 12/31/2019 to clarify the situation in detail and the measures taken by the company in this regard.
6. The company’s response No. 15 dated 1/1/2020 was reported to the committee stating that the company pledged to compensate any victim of material use, and that any complaint received by the committee in this regard is sent to the company to compensate the complainants. The company also states that there are large areas where the pesticide was applied. In it without any negative effects.
7. The company sent to the committee a number of 117 contract agreements between the chairman of the board of directors of the Agricultural Society in the district, farms and the company, with a cash consideration of 719,868 Egyptian pounds.
8. All complaints received by the committee in this regard are sent to the company to take the necessary measures to examine the complaint and compensate the farmer if it is proven that he was harmed by the effects of the pesticide.
9. The Agricultural Pesticides Committee decided in its session No. 1/2020 on 6/1/2020 the following:
“Suspending the use of the pesticide, collecting its packages from the market, and storing them by the Pesticide Control Department at the Central Pesticide Laboratory in coordination with the Environment and Surface Police, while not allowing the import of new quantities from it until taking measures to ensure that this is not repeated in the future.”
10. On 13/1/2020, a report on the analysis of the pesticide Arena 7% OD was received to us, whereby the central laboratory for pesticides reported that the pesticide conformed to the physical and chemical specifications, and the central laboratory for pesticides stated that no residues of the pesticide were discovered in wheat plants above the permissible limits , Where a small percentage of Flurasulam (0.007 mg / kg) was detected, which is a component of Arena 7% OD.
11. To avoid the recurrence of such phenomena, the committee is in the process of taking a decision to prohibit the use of any herbicide at more than one use rate.