Berlin Summit on Libya
1 – The Berlin Summit on Libya, held today at the invitation of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, brought together the governments of China, Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America, as well as representatives of United Nations, African Union, European Union and League of Arab States.
2 – We, the participants, refer to the joint president’s statement on the political, security and humanitarian situation in Libya for the meeting, which was held at the level of foreign ministers by France and Italy, on the sidelines of the seventy-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly, which took place on September 26 2019 in New York.
3 – We reaffirm our full commitment to the sovereignty, independence and unity of Libya, both geographically and nationally. Only a political process led and led by Libya can end the conflict and achieve lasting peace.
4- The conflict in Libya, the instability in the country, external interventions, institutional divisions, the proliferation of large quantities of weapons without supervision, and the continuing economy based on pillage and looting remain a threat to international peace and security, as all this provides fertile soil for smugglers and armed groups. And terrorist organizations. This also allowed Al-Qaeda and ISIS to flourish in Libyan territory, and to carry out operations inside the country and in neighboring countries. It also facilitated a wave of instability from illegal immigration in the region and a significant deterioration of the humanitarian situation. We are committed to supporting Libyans in tackling these problems of government structure and security.
5 – The sole objective of the “Berlin Process”, in which we participate in support of the three-point plan proposed by Ghassan Salama, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, is to assist the United Nations Security Council in uniting the international community in its support for a peaceful solution to the Libyan crisis, Any military solution in Libya is not possible.
6 – We are committed to refraining from interfering in armed conflict, or in Libyan internal affairs, and we urge all international actors to do the same.
7. We recognize the key role of the United Nations in facilitating a comprehensive political and reconciliation process within Libya based on the Libyan Political Agreement of 2015, state institutions, Security Council Resolution 2259 of 2015, other relevant Council resolutions, and principles that have been agreed upon in Paris, Palermo and Abu Dhabi, along with the important roles of the African Union and its supreme committee on Libya, which is composed of heads of state and government, the League of Arab States, the European Union, and neighboring countries, in achieving stability in Libya.
8. We fully support the good offices and mediation efforts of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and the Special Envoy Ghassan Salama. We affirm that achieving a lasting solution in Libya requires a comprehensive approach that simultaneously addresses the various aspects of restoring stability.
9 – We call for taking credible, concerted, and reciprocal steps that begin with a truce that all parties concerned abide by and lead to a comprehensive and lasting cessation of all hostilities, including aerial bombardments in Libyan territory. The cessation of hostilities will also include the redeployment and assembly of heavy weapons, artillery and air vehicles, and the end of all military moves by the conflicting parties, or as they are directly supported, in all Libyan territory with the start of the ceasefire.
10 – We call for confidence-building measures such as the exchange of prisoners and the remains of the dead.
11. We call for a comprehensive process that begins in conjunction with ceasefire arrangements, the demobilization of armed groups, their disarmament in Libya, and the integration of qualified individuals into the civil, security, and military institutions of the state, on an individual basis, and based on a census of armed group members, audits Vocational. We also call on the United Nations to assist in completing this process.
12 – We call for effective temporary security arrangements in which the army, police, and security forces will protect residential areas and critical infrastructure facilities, including government headquarters, airports, ports, border crossings, oil installations, power stations, and strategic infrastructure facilities Water.
13 – All parties will again confirm their separation from any terrorist groups on the United Nations list.
14. We call for the implementation of Security Council Resolution 2368, and other relevant resolutions relating to ISIS and Al Qaeda, individuals classified as terrorists, and groups and entities designated terrorist, especially provisions relating to the travel ban, the immediate freezing of funds and other financial assets, or Economic resources for individuals designated terrorist, and entities designated terrorist.
15. We call on the United Nations to facilitate ceasefire negotiations between the parties, including the establishment of technical committees immediately to monitor and verify the implementation of the ceasefire, along with the demobilization of members of armed groups, and the implementation of temporary security arrangements.
16 – We call on the Security Council to impose appropriate sanctions on those found to have violated and violated ceasefire arrangements, and to compel Member States to implement them.
17- We call on Member States to commit to supporting the item of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2486 of 2019 to provide the necessary personnel and equipment to support the successful ceasefire.
18. We commit ourselves expressly and fully to respecting and implementing the arms embargo contained in Security Council Resolution 1970 of 2011, as well as the ensuing Council resolutions including the arms embargo in Libya, and we call on all international actors to do the same.
19- We call on all actors to stop carrying out any activities that fuel the conflict, or do not comply with the arms embargo resolution, the ceasefire process, including funding of military capabilities and capabilities, or the recruitment of mercenaries.
20 – We reaffirm our call to cease any support for individuals or groups classified as terrorist by the United Nations. All perpetrators of terrorist acts will be held accountable.
21 – We commit to efforts to support the current United Nations monitoring mechanisms, and competent local and international authorities within our capabilities, including maritime, air and land surveillance, and through the use of additional resources, especially satellite imagery.
22 – We commit to notifying the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, the Security Council, its committee established under Resolution No. 1970 of 2011, and the Panel of Experts established under Resolution 1973 of 2011 on possible breaches of the arms embargo, including sharing intelligence, We call on all international actors to do the same.
23 – We commit to supporting the United Nations expert body to document and report effectively on these breakthroughs, support them to investigate these breakthroughs, and urge all international actors to do so. We also encourage the commission to investigate violations of the arms embargo and to notify the Security Council Committee continuously of it.
24 – We call on all parties to implement and implement Security Council sanctions, including applying domestic measures against those found to be involved in breaching the Security Council resolution on the arms embargo, or the ceasefire. We also call for the suspects on the United Nations Panel of Experts to be brought to justice in accordance with international standards for fair trial.
Return to the political process
25 – We support the Libyan political agreement as an appropriate framework for finding a political solution in Libya. We also call for the establishment of a functioning presidential council and the formation of one unified, inclusive and effective Libyan government approved by the parliament.
26 – We urge all Libyan parties to resume the comprehensive political process led by Libyans and owned by Libyans under the auspices of the United Nations Support Mission for Libya, and to participate in them constructively and pave the way towards a transitional period by holding free, fair, inclusive and credible parliamentary and presidential elections by a Supreme National Committee For independent and effective elections.
27 – We encourage the full, effective and real participation of women and youth in all activities related to democratic transition in Libya, conflict resolution and peacebuilding, and support the efforts of the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General Ghassan Salameh to facilitate broader participation and participation of women and youth from across the spectrum of Libyan society in the political process and public institutions.
28 – We urge all actors to restore and respect the integrity and unity of the executive, legislative, judicial and other Libyan state institutions.
29 – We call for a transparent, accountable, fair and equitable distribution of public wealth and resources between the various Libyan geographical regions, including through decentralization and support to municipal councils, thus eliminating a source of indignation and a source of exchange of accusations.
30- We call on the Security Council of the United Nations, the African Union, the League of Arab States and the European Union to act against Libyan elements sabotaging the political process, in accordance with the relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions.
31 – We stress the important role of neighboring countries in the process of establishing stability inside Libya.
32 – We commit to using all bilateral contacts to urge all Libyan parties to enter the ceasefire and participate in a political process between Libyan parties under the auspices of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.
33 – We commit to accepting and supporting the results of this political process among Libyans.
Security sector reform
34 – We call for the restoration of the state monopoly on the legitimate use of force.
35 – We support the formation of a unified Libyan forces concerned with national security, the police, and military under a central civilian leadership, building on the Cairo talks and the documents that resulted from them, as well as Libyan efforts to conduct a security dialogue and unify the parties to the country.
Economic and financial reform
36 – We stress the paramount importance of restoring, respecting and protecting the integrity, unity and legal rule of all Libyan sovereign institutions, especially the Libyan Central Bank, the Libyan Investment Authority, the National Petroleum Corporation and the Financial Review Authority. The boards of directors of these institutions should be inclusive, representational and dynamic.
37 – We commit to providing, at the request of these authorities and in full conformity with the principles of national ownership, technical assistance to improve transparency, accountability and effectiveness, and to make these institutions compatible with international standards, including through audits, and to allow inter-Libyan dialogue in the presence of representatives of all electoral groups Various matters regarding grievances related to the distribution of Libyan revenues. We call for improving the capacity of the Libyan regulatory institutions concerned, especially the audit institution, the administrative oversight body, the National Anti-Corruption Commission, the Office of the Prosecutor and relevant parliamentary committees in relation to the Libyan political agreement and related laws.
38 – We stress that the National Petroleum Company is the only and legitimate Libyan National Company in Libya, in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolutions No. 2259 (2015) and 2441 (2018). We urge all parties to continue to ensure the security of these institutions. We reject any attempt to destroy the Libyan oil infrastructure, and any illegal exploitation of the country’s energy resources that belong to the Libyan people, by selling or buying Libyan crude oil and its derivatives outside the control of the National Petroleum Company, and we call for a transparent and equal distribution of oil revenues. We appreciate the monthly publication by the National Petroleum Company of oil revenues, as a sign of its commitment to improving the level of transparency.
39 – We support economic dialogue with representatives of Libyan financial and economic institutions, and encourage the implementation of structural economic reforms. In order to facilitate this dialogue, we support the building of a comprehensive committee of Libyan economic experts consisting of Libyan officials and experts that reflects the country’s institutional and geographical diversity.
40 – We support the empowerment of Libyan municipal councils and urge the central authorities to commit themselves fully to providing the necessary financial allocations to support local governance, especially in the south.
41 – We encourage the establishment of a reconstruction mechanism for Libya that supports development and reconstruction in all regions under the auspices of a single, unified, comprehensive and effective Libyan government exercising its authority over all Libyan lands, to develop the severely affected areas with priority assigned to reconstruction projects in the cities of Benghazi, Derna, Marzouq, Sebha, Sirte and Tripoli .
42 – We recall that United Nations resolutions 1970 and 2362 froze the assets of the Libyan Investment Authority with a view to preserving it for the benefit of the Libyan people, and we are committed to working with the relevant authorities to develop a road map that identifies the milestones and conditions necessary to regulate the management of the assets of the Libyan Investment Authority. These conditions, which include the approval of a comprehensive and reliable review of the work of the General Investment Authority and its subsidiary entities, should aim to enhance the integrity and unity of the Libyan Investment Authority.
Respect for international humanitarian law and human rights
43 – We urge all parties in Libya to fully respect international humanitarian and human rights law, to protect civilians and infrastructure, including airports, to allow medical officials and human rights monitors and humanitarian workers, aid and actions to protect the civilian population, including internally displaced persons, to take place. Migrants, refugees, asylum seekers and prisoners, also through cooperation with United Nations entities.
44. One of the elements that contribute to the human and humanitarian situation related to burning and dangerous human rights is the lack of a proper process for the functioning of the national judicial system, including within prisons. We call for the follow-up of decisions issued by the Libyan authorities to examine all detainees and prisoners under the control of the Ministry of Justice and the Judicial Police in order to strengthen the work of judicial institutions and to release the detainees illegally or indiscriminately.
45 – We urge all parties to end the practice of arbitrary detention and urge the Libyan authorities to adopt alternative measures to detention, especially for those in high-risk conflict areas, and to gradually close detention centers for migrants and asylum seekers while at the same time reforming the relevant Libyan legislative frameworks Immigration and asylum to comply with international law and internationally recognized standards and principles.
46 – We stress the need to hold all those who violate the provisions of international law to account, including within the areas in which non-discriminatory use of force against civilians is carried out, attacks against dense residential areas, extrajudicial killings, kidnappings, enforced disappearances, sexual or gender-based violence, and torture and ill-treatment Treatment and trafficking in persons and violence against or violation of migrants and refugees.
47 – We urge all parties to refrain from any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence, including through social networks.
48 – We are committed to supporting the work of Libyan institutions to document violations of international humanitarian and human rights law.
49 – We encourage the Libyan authorities to make further progress towards strengthening transitional justice institutions, including trial initiatives, compensation and the pursuit of truth and institutional reform, which must conform to internationally recognized standards and principles, in order to support and defend rights to access the truth with regard to conditions Enforced disappearance, in order to achieve justice and have the right to compensation and guarantees that such matters will not be repeated in Libya, especially with regard to missing persons.
50 – We invite the Secretary-General of the United Nations, his Special Representative in Libya and the heads of the Berlin process to communicate the results of this process and the summit to the Libyans.
51 – We express our full support for the practicalization of these findings by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to Libya.
52 – We agree that the Berlin Summit is one important step in the context of a broader process led and owned by Libya, designed to put a definitive end to the Libyan crisis by addressing the root causes of the conflict in a comprehensive manner. Follow-up efforts on the part of the Berlin Summit play an important role.
53. Accordingly, we announce the formation of the International Follow-up Committee to oversee the implementation of the outcome of the Berlin Summit under the auspices of the United Nations and without prejudice to the scope of the United Nations Security Council’s mandate. The International Follow-up Committee will continue to hold high-level meetings on a monthly basis, headed by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and another president with it. The meetings will report on the progress made in implementing these results. In addition, expert-level working groups will be formed to address obstacles in the way of implementation. The working groups will be facilitated by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and will meet monthly.
54 – We will present the results of this summit to the United Nations Security Council for consideration and invite the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General Ghassan Salameh and the United Nations Support Mission for Libya to support implementation of the commitments established within the framework of the Berlin process.