Has the “initial agreement” ended the dams of the Renaissance Dam? .. Experts answer


Mohammed ‘alaa

Published in :
Thursday, January 16, 2020 – 4:00 PM
| Last updated :
Thursday, January 16, 2020 – 4:00 PM

Allam: The next step is very difficult .. Initial agreements are not binding without a final formula
Sharaqi: A number of points of disagreement have not been resolved, and these are the most prominent
Abdel-Aty: Attention must be paid to legal wording that does not accept double interpretation or interpretation

Former Minister of Irrigation Mohamed Nasreddine Allam said that the joint statement issued by the Renaissance Dam meeting in Washington confirmed the commitment of the representatives of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to work to reach a final detailed agreement to store and operate the Renaissance Dam, while clarifying that none of these initial agreements are binding without reaching an agreement Final.

Allam indicated, in his statements, that there is only agreement so far on the initial storage, and that there are difficult problems that have not been solved around the rest of the storage stages as well as the procedures and rules for operating the dam, stressing that the remaining negotiations will be very difficult.

Abbas Sharqi, a professor of water resources and geology at Cairo University, said that the Washington meeting did not resolve a number of points of disagreement between the three countries, but rather postponed them to the other meeting, scheduled to be held at the end of this month, in a diplomatic way, in which the desire to agree and cooperate was expressed for The interest of the three peoples.

And Sharqi explained the sticking points of the dispute, explaining that they include: how to fill in the first and repeated and that they will be according to general principles not specified, subject to dispute in the future.

He continued: “Likewise, not defining a way to operate the Renaissance Dam in a way that guarantees the natural flow of the Blue Nile after the first filling, but only ensures the generation of electricity from the Renaissance Dam according to the Ethiopian target, and ignoring the level of the High Dam reservoir and the Sudanese dams.”

Al-Shoraki also indicated to Al-Shorouk that no proper measures were taken to mitigate the impact of drought while filling or operating the Renaissance Dam from a certain amount of the Blue Nile drainage as a minimum or a percentage or other. He also did not mention the amount of dead storage, which is water below the level The Toriat slots, their years of storage, and the dispute resolution method have yet to be determined.

For his part, a member of the Board of Directors of the Egyptian Society for International Law, Musaed Abdel-Atti, stressed the need to pay attention to the legal drafting component of clear court rules that do not accept interpretation or double legal interpretation when setting the provisions of this agreement, which is supposed to govern the operations and mechanisms of filling and operating the Renaissance Dam.

Abdel-Ati added to Al-Shorouk: The importance of finding a firm drafting of the referential provisions for the work of the dispute settlement mechanism between the three countries must also be taken into consideration, so that its effectiveness guarantees that Ethiopia will not exit it in a way that ultimately preserves the interests of Egypt and Sudan as the most harmful.

Abdel-Atty stressed the importance of the Egyptian negotiating team seeking adequate expertise in this regard, given the seriousness and importance of the provisions that will be covered in this agreement.

It is noteworthy that the joint statement issued by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Irrigation in Washington, headed by the Minister of the Treasury and the presence of the President of the World Bank, spoke about agreeing on 6 items “that constitute a grouping prelude to achieving a final agreement on the Renaissance Dam”, and decided to hold technical and legal discussions among themselves until a meeting Next Washington, on January 28 and 29, during which the final touches will be finalized.

The statement pointed out that “progress was made in the four technical meetings between the Ministers of Water Resources and the previous two meetings in Washington, DC, the results of those meetings and their joint commitment to reach a comprehensive, cooperative, adaptive, sustainable and mutually beneficial agreement on the mobilization and operation of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.”

The six items agreed upon, according to the statement, include: filling the dam in stages in an adaptive and cooperative manner that takes into account the hydrological conditions of the Blue Nile and the potential impact of the filling on the reservoirs and other dams in the course of the river.

Also included: filling during the rainy season, generally from July to August, and continuing in September according to certain conditions, and third: the initial filling phase will provide a rapid raise to the water level in the dam lake at 595 meters above sea level, and early generation of electricity, while providing measures Suitable mitigation for Egypt and Sudan in the event of severe drought during this stage.

Likewise: “Implementing the subsequent stages of filling according to an agreed mechanism that determines releases based on the hydrological conditions of the Blue Nile and the level of the Lake of the Renaissance Dam, which deals with the objectives of filling in Ethiopia and provides electricity generation and appropriate mitigation measures for Egypt and Sudan during long droughts.”

It also included: “On long-term operation, the Renaissance Dam will operate in accordance with a mechanism that will be determined subsequently according to the hydrological conditions of the Blue Nile and the lake level providing electricity generation, with measures taken to mitigate the effects of drought for Egypt and Sudan.” Finally, “an effective coordination mechanism and provisions for leveling will be established.” Conflicts. ”

In a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Minister Sameh Shoukry expressed Cairo’s intention to continue working towards a final agreement on the Renaissance Dam during the next Washington meeting; it is balanced and fair and provides the common interests of the three countries and preserves Egypt’s rights and water interests.

The Foreign Ministry spokesman, Ahmed Hafez, said that the foreign and irrigation ministers in Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia agreed that the final agreement includes a mechanism for coordination between the three countries to follow up on the implementation of the agreement, in addition to a mechanism for resolving disputes.

Hafez pointed out that the final statement issued by the Washington meeting included the main elements and determinants of the final agreement on the Renaissance Dam, which include the rules regulating the filling and operation of the dam, as well as the procedures to be followed to deal with droughts and protracted droughts, so as to ensure that Egyptian water interests are not harmed.

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