If you are a space watcher, you will often encounter the term “Kuiper belt”. What is this belt? It is simply a ring of icy bodies outside the orbit of Neptune, Pluto is the most famous Kuiper belt object, and the Kuiper belt was named after a scientist called Gerard Kipper in 1951, where he had the idea that a belt of icy bodies might have been outside of Neptune when the Solar System formed .
According to “spaceplace.nasa”, Kipper was trying to explain where comets with small orbits came, and no one has seen anything there yet because it is difficult to see small comets skipping Neptune even with the best telescopes, but even without being able to Seeing him with his eyes, he predicted the Kuiper Belt, and it turned out to be right.
There are fragments of rock, ice, comets, and dwarf planets, and besides Pluto in this belt, there are two other interesting types in the Kuiper Belt that are Eris and Homia.
Eris is a dwarf planet with a Kuiper belt slightly smaller than Pluto and very far away, as it takes 557 years to orbit the sun, and has a small moon named Dysnomia.
Humea dwarf planet
Homea is a very interesting Kuiper belt space object, in the form of amazing American football about 1,200 miles (1931 km) long, and it rotates from one end to the other every few hours, and has two satellites called Hi’iaka and Namaka.
A billion miles away from Pluto, there is a relatively small snowman-shaped object called Araucoth, which was originally called MU69, and this Kuiper Belt Object was first detected in 2014 by the Hubble Space Telescope, then in 2019, the spacecraft flew Space New Horizons already took out and took some photos.
Arrocoth is the most distant scientist studied by a spacecraft, and its name is an original American term meaning “sky.” Scientists believe that Arrocoth may hold clues about the formation of our planet and the origin of life on Earth.
The Kuiper belt is still a very mysterious place, and we have a lot to learn about, and the New Horizons will continue to explore the space belt.