Experts said that 2020 is the most important year for humanity’s plan to tackle global warming, warning that the path to safety is full of risks, from the impact of the US elections to Britain’s exit from the European Union, and when countries concluded the 2015 Paris Agreement, which aims to reduce As temperatures rise below two degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit), they have agreed on five-year periods in which climate measures can be implemented, evaluated, and strengthened, and this year the historical deal enters into force.
According to the science “phys” website, the critical United Nations summit, during which leaders will finalize their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, is scheduled to open in Glasgow on November 9, just six days after the US general election that President Donald Trump may win a second term.
Trump shocked the world in 2017 when he said that the United States, the largest emitter in history, is withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, and is due to leave the agreement on November 4.
More than 100 countries have pledged to redouble efforts to reduce domestic emissions, but the biggest polluters are China, India, the United States and the European Union, with no new plans revealed.
The risk of Britain leaving the European Union
Multilateral climate negotiations and emission reduction are voluntary, and much depends on the skill and tactics of the country responsible for the annual negotiating sessions of the Conference of the Parties.
Clare O’Neill, president of COP26, told AFP last month that the climate would be the first global priority for the British government this year ahead of the Glasgow summit.
But there are concerns that, as Britain leaves the European Union, trade negotiations will drain the much-needed diplomatic bandwidth.
“It is a risk … Britain’s exit from the European Union is the government’s first defense diplomatic priority, and I say that the Conference of the Parties needs the first offensive diplomatic priority,” said Nick Maby, CEO of Green E3G.
Mabe said Britain already has more than 100 diplomats focusing only on climate ahead of Glasgow.
European Union and China Summit
But perhaps the biggest climate moment in 2020 comes before both the US elections or the Conference of the Parties. In September, the European Union and China’s summit in Leipzig will see the world’s largest single market push the world’s largest carbon polluter to greater commitment to reduce emissions.
This year provided a tremendous opportunity for China to show global leadership in the climate, said Li Shuo, Senior Global Policy Adviser to Greenpeace in East Asia.
“The decision that Chinese leaders make in the next year will matter to how the world views China in an increasingly volatile political geography,” said Xu.
China and its colleagues have accused India of obstructing greater ambition at the COP25 conference in Madrid by insisting that they have already done their fair share in reducing carbon pollution.