Study: high temperatures may cause fatal injury to more than 2,000 Americans

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New research has warned that the expected temperature rise of two degrees Celsius may contribute to the death of about 2,100 people in the United States annually, and according to research conducted by “Imperial College” in Britain, in cooperation with the universities of “Columbia” and “Harvard”, the researchers calculated The number of additional fatal injuries that may occur in the United States if temperatures rise by 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius.

The results showed about 1,600 injuries and about 2,100 fatal injuries annually, mostly among young people between the ages of 15 and 34, and the three states with the most deaths are California, Texas, and Florida.

Researchers studied the number of deaths from injuries annually in each state and county on the mainland of the United States (excluding Hawaii and Alaska) between 1980 and 2017, and these injuries were classified as unintended, which includes transportation deaths, falls, drowning, and intentional Assault and suicide, and the research team then tracked unusual or normal temperature changes every month in each county on the mainland of the United States over a period of 38 years, and by comparing unusual temperatures with injury records, the team expected higher deaths from Injuries associated with high global temperatures caused by climate change.

In the current study, the research team used data from the National Center for Health Statistics to calculate the number of deaths due to injuries between 1980 and 2017, and this revealed the existence of 4.1 million boys and men and 1.8 million girls and women who died from their wounds during 38 years, and the form of transportation, fall, drowning, assault and suicide The majority of these deaths.

Using a statistical model, the researchers then calculated the number of additional deaths from injuries caused by unusual temperatures in different months of the year, and the greatest effects of warm temperatures were on the risk of death from drowning and transport accidents, which the researchers say is due to increased swimming and increased Driving and increasing alcohol consumption in warm temperatures.

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