Thirty percent of the Earth’s surface across land and sea will become protected areas by 2030 to ensure the integrity of the ecosystems necessary for human well-being, according to the United Nations plan released on Monday, and a draft proposal to halt the degradation of nature and the rapid loss of species was examined by nearly 200 countries that met in October to attend the Biodiversity Summit, which is the 15th since 1994.
To date, the United Nations’ goals to protect or restore ecosystems have failed due to lack of political support and implementation, but the need to take action has not been as pressing as now. Last year, the first UN report on the “state of nature” two decades ago found that a million species of plants and animals Endangered.
In all areas, humanity was the culprit, and even in recent decades, Homo sapiens collected, handled, stolen and poisoned many species, pushing others to the brink.
Last week, for example, scientists declared that the freshwater Chinese paddle fish – which had thrived for 200 million years – had gone extinct.
Experts say global warming is beginning to have a negative impact, with much worse impacts on the not-far horizon.
“This is a very important year to tackle the crisis facing nature and climate,” said Carlos Manuel Rodriguez, Minister of Energy and Environment of Costa Rica. “They are two sides of the same coin. We must tackle the two crises vigorously.”
The so-called “zero draft” report calls for the deduction of at least 30 percent of land and marine areas, with at least 10 percent under strict protection, to maintain biodiversity hotspots.
The numbers proposed will be negotiated in the UN-led talks, a process similar to the one that resulted in the Paris Climate Treaty.