An astronomical observatory designed to help scientists watch the sun capture unprecedented images of its surface, which may pave the way for the possibility of predicting damaging solar flares in the future days before they occur..
According to Sky News, the first pictures taken by the “Daniel Inuye Solar” telescope in Hawaii, which is twice the size of the second largest other solar telescope, a matrix or a system of cell-like structures covering the surface of the sun, and the size of each of them is equivalent to the state of Texas, USA.
Scientists hope that, by focusing on these areas on the surface of the sun, they will be able to better predict the changes that occur on the surface of the sun, including solar flares that can disrupt energy networks on Earth, and put satellites at risk.
The images revealed the surface of the sun covered with granular structures, such as gold nuggets, and high plasma columns, which reach a temperature of about 6000 degrees Celsius, appear as bright spots in the center of each grain, as if they were foci of violent release of heat from inside the sun to its surface.
As these plasma columns cool, they drop and retract, returning again below the surface through dark, narrow channels between the neighboring granules.
“These are the highest resolution images of the sun’s surface ever captured,” said Enoy Solar Telescope project manager, Thomas Rimmel. “What we used to think, what looked like a bright spot or a single structure, is now divided into many smaller structures.”
Rimmel explained that the “illuminated terrain” in the photo is the slopes of magnetic fields.
As for the director of the National Science Foundation, France Cordova said, “Since we began working on this telescope, we have eagerly waited for the first pictures.”“.
“We can now share these images and videos, which are the most detailed for our sun so far. The solar telescope will be able to map magnetic fields inside the sun’s ritual, where solar eruptions occur that can affect life on Earth, and will improve our understanding of what drives space weather.” , And ultimately helps scientists better predict solar storms“.
Among other tasks of the telescope, work to understand why the temperature of the rosemary, the surrounding atmosphere, is hotter than its surface..
Rimmel explained that “the whole matter is related to the magnetic field,” adding that “to reveal the largest mysteries of the sun, we must not only be able to see these small structures clearly from a distance of 93 million miles, but measure the intensity and direction of its magnetic field with great accuracy, and track the field that extends Beyond the outer shell of the sun. “