January’s celebration of the year 2020, with events rarely witnessed in the first month of the New Year, began with the assassination of important personalities who nearly ignited a great war, and ended with the announcement of the US President “Deal of the Century”.
We review in the following the most prominent events of this month, which carried a different nature from the rest of the months of last year, and perhaps from the coming months of this year.
- The US military started the events of the month of January with the assassination of the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps, Qassem Soleimani, and the deputy head of the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Organization, Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, in an air strike on a plane near Baghdad International Airport on January 3.
- On the morning of January 8, Iranian forces bombed the “Ain al-Assad” base in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, which American soldiers take as their overnight stay, as a kind of response to Soleimani’s killing, for Washington to acknowledge a statement by the Ministry of Defense, 17 days after denying that there were casualties among its forces. In addition, 64 American soldiers were wounded, which she described as “concussion.”
- On the eighth of the same month, a Ukrainian plane crashed after it was hit by an Iranian missile after it took off from Khomeini Airport in Tehran, heading to Kiev, killing 176 people on board.
- The Sultan’s Court in the Sultanate of Oman, on January 10, mourned the Sultan of the country, Qaboos bin Said bin Taimur, after a natural death, to end his death 50 years of his rule in the Sultanate after assuming the reins of power on the twenty-eighth of July 1970, and succeeding him in governing the country Sultan Haitham bin Tariq bin Taimur.
- On January 16, the Chinese government monitored the spread of a new type of “Corona” virus in Wuhan, which necessitated the declaration of a global health emergency, killing more than 304 people and injuring 14,500 globally to date, and applying quarantine measures to millions in China. European countries, Russia, the United States, and even Arab countries.
- On the same date, the Syrian army launched a counter-attack on the southern and eastern countryside of Idlib, in response to the attacks of the militants, which resulted in the completion of control of dozens of villages, the city of Maarat al-Numan, and the arrival of the international road “M5” by the end of the month.
The Berlin International Conference on Libya took place on the evening of Sunday, January 19th, with the participation of 12 countries and 4 international and regional organizations, in the presence of the parties to the conflict in Libya, and at the conclusion of the conference that lasted a few hours, the main countries concerned with the Libyan conflict pledged to commit to the prohibition of sending weapons to Libya and not to Its affairs. Commenting on the results of the conference, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that it represented a “small step forward” towards peace, but on the contrary, matters worsened after that, as it was reported that Turkey had thrown thousands of Syrian militants loyal to it into the Libyan war.
- The designated Lebanese Prime Minister, Hassan Diab, announced the formation of a new Lebanese government, which included 6 women ministers, including the first woman defense minister in the Arab world, in order to calm broad protests that erupted about 3 months ago and demonstrations erupted throughout the country in protest against corruption and difficult living conditions.
- On January 28, US President Donald Trump revealed the details of the “deal of the century” which, according to his description, would achieve peace between the Palestinians and the Israelis, centered on expanding Israel’s control and taking Jerusalem as its unified capital, and cutting lands from neighboring countries, and dispersing the Palestinians, which received responses. A popular Arab official and criticism.
- The month ended its days with Britain’s separation from the European Union and its implementation of the “Brexit” agreement by midnight on January 31, the agreement that Britain has worked on since the summer of 2016, to be the second most prominent event that passes over Britain in one month, after Prince Harry and his wife Megan abandoned Markle on their official duties and stop using royal surnames, and head to Canada to enjoy a normal life outside the royal family.