“All options are open to Egypt,” experts explain MFA scenarios


08:02 am

Tuesday 19 May 2020

Books- Ahmed Massad:

Ethiopia has announced its intention to store the waters of the Nile River during the current rainy season, without notifying the downstream states of Sudan and Egypt.

Ambassador Salah Halima, a former assistant foreign minister, said that the process of storing and filling individually is against the international law of the riparian countries, noting that the agreement of the principles of the Renaissance Dam in 2015 was among its clauses, not to fill the dam and operate it separately.

Halima added in exclusive statements to “Masrawy”, that all the good things are open to Egypt, and that Cairo has a tendency to internationalize the issue, pointing out that Egypt is asking the Security Council to sign Addis Ababa on the Washington document, which is agreed upon by all, and Ethiopia evaded it at the last minute.

He continued: “The United States tends to sign an agreement, and Egypt’s memo to the Security Council also addressed the report of the World Bank on the risks of the dam and its effects on the downstream countries.”

The Assistant Foreign Minister pointed out that Article VI and VII of international law guarantees every state protection of its interests, especially as the dam causes losses to nearly 2 million Egyptian farmers working in the field of agriculture, in addition to faltering development and decreasing the per capita share of water.

Ethiopia refused to sign a preliminary agreement that followed several rounds of negotiations after the mediation of the United States.

Addis Ababa is trying to ignore Egypt’s demands that its share of the Nile water during the filling period of the dam not be less than 40 billion cubic meters of water out of 51 billion cubic meters it currently obtains, and does not cover its needs, in addition to the need for coordination and consultation during the operation of the dam in the closing and opening periods .

The water expert, Dr. Khaled Abu Al Yazid, said that the new in the Renaissance Dam file is Addis Baba’s response to the Security Council’s speech with a large number of fallacies, in addition to accusing Cairo of wanting to control the Nile, noting that Addis Baba has water abundance and is trying desperate attempts Exit the political pressures that Egyptian diplomacy was able to impose.

Abu Zaid added to Masrawy that Ethiopia is trying to manipulate Article 5 of the Agreement on Principles of the Renaissance Dam signed in December 2015, which allows negotiation during construction, and not filling and storing individually.

He pointed out that Addis Ababa manipulated the agreement and violated international laws, adding that Egypt was on the right path, expecting a strong Egyptian response, especially since Cairo has a large number of solutions ahead of it.

Egypt requested the Security Council to advise Ethiopia and urge it to sign the framework agreement, which was reached last February under the auspices of the United States of America and the World Bank.

And Dr. Dia Al-Qousi, a former adviser to the Minister of Irrigation, said that Addis Baba’s announcement of storage and filling are political steps to reduce Egyptian pressure, noting that the game is now in the hands of the Security Council and its decisions that will be binding.

Al-Qousi said in a special statement to “Masrawy,” that the enthusiastic visits, promises and speeches are all directed to the Ethiopian interior, and indicate the great Egyptian diplomatic pressure, explaining that the blocs inside the Security Council will resolve the conflict in the end.

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