Source: Dubai – Arabic.net
Despite the Corona epidemic, the war continues in Libya and more fighters flow from Syria to Tripoli, the German newspaper Die Zeit says that there is no possibility to end the fighting in Libya, as it is related to strength and money, as well as external interference, and civilians are the ones who pay the price.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (Qatari funded) belongs to the old school of warlords, and he wants to score points for his military involvement in Libyan domestic politics, so he does not try to hide a lot, and depends on mercenaries and drones, he sent Syrian extremists from Idlib to Libya, They are being paid anyway to fight the Syrian Kurds, and pro-Tripoli factions have been supplied with drones from an arms factory owned by Erdogan’s son-in-law.
According to the German newspaper, the Libyan army commander, General Khalifa Haftar, announced last Monday a cease-fire throughout the month of Ramadan, and was considered the legitimate leader of all Libya. But Haftar’s allies love the fact that the latter will not frankly give up any willingness to negotiate, which he had pledged only a few months ago.
In eastern Libya, Haftar’s power is concentrated, and the country is politically managed by Parliament and State Council in Tobruk. The speaker of parliament is likely to be later upgraded to head of state.
In January this year, the Berlin Libya conference participants initially hoped for progress, as compliance with the arms embargo was pledged, and political talks between Haftar and the Al-Wefaq government headed by Fayez al-Sarraj resumed, but Sarraj’s position was weak, and the arms embargo was breached Blatantly. For his part, Hifter explained that the war will continue until the last bullet.
After fierce battles against ISIS-linked militias in eastern Libya, General Haftar built a picture of him as a strong man whom many admired abroad, including US President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron, and it seemed clear that Washington and Paris relied less on talks Peace led by the United Nations, in exchange for great confidence in Haftar.
Pressed on Haftar
The German newspaper confirms that the Libyans did not shake off Haftar. The Libyan National Army, led by Haftar, has captured several cities in western Libya, but the capital, Tripoli, has not fallen. Instead, Haftar is currently under increasing military pressure in the face of Erdogan’s interference.
The civil war in Libya is often referred to as the inevitable outcome of Western military intervention in 2011, which removed Qaddafi’s “strong hand”. According to the German newspaper, the war inside Libya arose primarily as a result of continuous interference from other regional actors. The internal Libyan struggle over the political influence of Islamists has already contributed greatly to the division of the country, and to the military escalation of foreign countries.
Turkey has already entered into fighting a few months ago, with Erdogan agreeing with the government of reconciliation in Tripoli to divide economic areas with gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean, and in return the government in Ankara sent military advisers and weapons to al-Sarraj, and militias loyal to Tripoli were able to push Haftar to The back with a counter-attack.
The fighting in Libya was not about ideology or religion for a long time, but rather for (geopolitical) power and sources of income with the use of warfare methods in the twenty-first century. Arms deliveries were to some extent secret, mercenaries were used, and there was misleading propaganda . The strategy used was not new. It has been known since the time of the East-West confrontation.
Civilians – locals and immigrants alike – are paying the price of this war, and the number of casualties has become very high, with the bombing of residential areas and hospitals, the isolation of cities from electricity and water supplies, endangering already unstable food supplies, and the lack of preventive measures against the Corona pandemic.
For the Libyans, there is a fear of the continuation of these conditions in the absence of the concept of the Libyan state among the external powers.
The German newspaper goes that the pressure from the ranks of Haftar supporters may have now convinced him to be more willing to offer a ceasefire, and the question arises whether the Al-Wefaq government will respond, especially since the field position tends in its favor now.