Militia dismantling and presidential council .. text of the Cairo Declaration to resolve the Libyan crisis


Source: Cairo – Ashraf Abdel Hamid

On Saturday, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi announced an initiative called the “Cairo Declaration” to solve the Libyan crisis.

He said in a press conference today, Saturday, with Field Marshal Khalifa Hifter, the Libyan army commander, and Chancellor Aqila Saleh, Speaker of the Libyan Parliament, that the initiative includes a ceasefire, the dismantling of militias and the handing over of their weapons.

The initiative included several items, which included affirming the unity and sovereignty of the Libyan state, and respecting all relevant international efforts and initiatives, with all parties committing to a ceasefire from six in the morning after tomorrow, Monday, June 8.

The initiative provided for building on the outputs of the Berlin conference, which results in a comprehensive political, security and economic solution, and the completion of the work of the path of the Military Committee 5 + 5 in Geneva, under the auspices of the United Nations, with the obligation of international organizations to remove foreign mercenaries and terrorists from all Libyan lands, and the handing of militias their weapons, even The Libyan army, in cooperation with the security services, can achieve security and stability throughout the country.

The initiative stipulated the necessity for the Libyan state to restore its national institutions, restore its control over all security institutions, support the Libyan army to help it assume its responsibilities in combating terrorism, protect Libyan sovereignty, and restore security in the maritime, air and land areas.

While announcing the initiative
While announcing the initiative

The initiative included a text allowing the presidential council to take decisions by a majority, except for sovereign decisions, related to the armed forces, to be taken unanimously and in the presence of the Commander in Chief, and also included that each of the three regions form an electoral college, so that the three committees meet under the auspices of the United Nations, And it is agreed upon with a reasonable representation of women and youth, and each region selects its representative for the Presidential Council, with the aim of forming a presidential council from a president and two deputies, provided that the Presidential Council appoints a prime minister from national competencies, who in turn selects members of the government, and presents them to the Presidential Council, in preparation for For transmission to the House of Representatives for confidence.

The initiative emphasized the need for the United Nations to oversee the stages of the electoral process for the electoral complexes, with each region obtaining an appropriate number of ministerial portfolios, according to the population, so that the Tripoli region gets 9 ministries, and Telegraph to 7 ministries, and Fezzan to 5 ministries, and the division of sovereign ministries Six over the three provinces, so that each region gets two ministries.

The initiative stipulated that the Libyan parliament should adopt the amendments of the constitutional declaration, and that each region form a committee, to draft a new constitution for the country, specifying the form of state administration, and putting it to a public referendum, and also included that the transitional period be for 18 months, subject to an increase of a maximum of 6 months, During which all Libyan state institutions, especially the main economic institutions, are reorganized, and their boards of directors reshaped, to ensure the effectiveness of the new government’s performance, and enable it to perform its tasks, and provide the necessary resources to organize the transitional phase and elections.

The initiative included taking all necessary measures to unify all economic and monetary institutions in eastern, southern and western Libya, implementing structural reforms, ensuring the prevention of any Libyan resources or funds from reaching the militias, and working to ensure and equitable distribution of wealth to all Libyan citizens.

Earlier today, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi received Aqila Saleh, Speaker of the Libyan Parliament, and Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Armed Forces, in the presence of Lieutenant General Mohamed Zaki, Minister of Defense, and Major General Abbas Kamel, Head of General Intelligence and Dr. Ali Abdel-Al, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Ambassador Bassam Radi, Spokesman for the Presidency of Egypt, said that the President’s meeting with Libyan leaders is based on Egypt’s steadfast desire to achieve security and political stability in Libya and its brotherly people, and that Libyas security is an extension of Egyptian national security, in addition to the impact of the repercussions of the current Libyan situation on the regional environment And international.

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