The United States Supreme Court ruled invalidating President Donald Trump’s efforts to repeal a program that would protect young immigrants from deportation.
The judges upheld a ruling by a lower court that concluded that Trump’s efforts to abolish the “delayed action for children arriving” program, known as “Dhaka”, were “illegal”.
The program provides protection for the so-called “dreamers”, who are about 650,000 people who entered the United States without documents as children.
Since 2017, the Trump administration has sought to cancel the program that began in the era of former President Barack Obama.
The Supreme Court examined the case after a lower court ruled that the Trump administration had not sufficiently explained why the program was canceled. The court criticized the White House’s interpretations as “arbitrary”.
Supreme Court justices voted, by a vote of five to four, on Thursday in favor of the findings of the lower court that the US administration’s decision violated the Administrative Procedures Act, which states that government actions cannot be a policy of “arbitrary, capricious, misjudgment, or inconsistent With the law “or” not backed by strong evidence. ”
How Responses came verb?
Trump criticized the verdict in a number of Twitter tweets.
The American president wrote: “These horrific and politically motivated decisions issued by the Supreme Court are aimed at their fire in the face of those who take pride in describing themselves as Republicans or conservatives.”
Trump has called on voters to be re-elected in November to put more conservative judges on the court, if there are vacancies.
He also mentioned the renewed efforts to cancel the program, adding, “I will start the whole process again.”
And Trump said: “Do you have the impression that the Supreme Court does not love me?”
As for former President Barack Obama, he praised the ruling, and urged voters to elect a Democratic president as well as Democratic members of Parliament (Congress) in November to ensure “a system truly worthy of this nation of immigrants.”
Joe Biden, the Democratic candidate in the upcoming presidential race, said he would seek to make the program permanent if Trump was defeated in the elections.
What happened in the Supreme Court?
John Roberts, the chief judge who is often described as conservative, sided with four liberals in court in Thursday’s ruling by a majority of votes.
This is the second time that Chief Justice Roberts has tried against Trump this week.
On Monday, the Supreme Court issued a ruling protecting gay and trans-gay workers under the Federal Labor Law, a major victory for gay campaigners.
The decision was framed by Judge Neil Gorsuch, who was appointed by Trump.
During his presidency, Trump appointed another judge, Brett Kavanaugh. The composition of the Supreme Court is now widely described as the most conservative in modern history.
Nevertheless, Chief Justice Roberts last year again joined his liberal-minded counterparts in preventing the Trump administration from adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census questionnaire, which opponents said would suppress the response of immigrants and ethnic minorities.
However, the court sided with the Trump administration in two other major cases.
The court defended the travel ban imposed by the White House on Islamic countries, and allowed the application of a ban imposed by Trump to prevent the transit of sexual transit into the ranks of the army.
What is “Dhaka”?
Most of the children protected by the Dhaka program are from Mexico and other Latin American countries.
The program, which was launched in 2012 under an executive order from former President Barack Obama, protects those called “dreamers” from deportation, and provides them with opportunities to work and study.
Obama signed the executive order after negotiations on immigration reforms failed.
In order to benefit from the program, applicants under the age of 30 must provide the Department of Homeland Security with personal information, including addresses and phone numbers.
They must also be subjected to investigations of their history by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), that their criminal records are clean, that they are in school or a recent graduate or have completed military service in good behavior.
For its part, the US government agrees to “postpone” any action regarding their immigration status for two years.
This procedure applies only to individuals who have been in the United States since 2007.
Beneficiaries of the “Dhaka” program told the BBC that they were relieved and surprised by Thursday’s ruling, and many added that they would continue to defend immigration reform.
“It is a much-needed victory, which gives us the fuel we need to continue to move forward, and to continue the struggle for the benefit of the rest of our families and society that does not have the Dhaka program,” said Joanna Guzman, 28, from Texas.
Mitzley Sanchez, 23, said: “Despite this great victory, we must continue to press, and continue to fight for other able people but they do not have this protection.”