Arab newspapers and websites discussed the initiative proposed by Egypt to resolve the crisis in Libya after the internationally recognized government there made progress on the forces of the military commander, Khalifa Haftar.
The initiative, which is called the “Cairo Declaration,” includes a ceasefire proposal that begins on June 8, and work for a political settlement.
Kuttab saw this initiative as a “strong message” addressed to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, while others questioned Egyptian intentions and Haftar’s intentions.
Others called for the need to be careful in analyzing the military field situation.
Abd al-Bari Atwan describes in the London “Today’s Opinion” the meeting that was held in Cairo yesterday in the presence of Aqila Saleh, the elected Speaker of the Tobruk Parliament, and General Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the National Army, as a “crisis meeting” and an attempt to discuss the next step that followed the military field defeats that were suffered It contains the forces of General Haftar, and subsequently lost most of the Libyan West, including the capital, Tripoli. ”
He says: “The question that arises strongly now is about the truth of the Egyptian future intentions towards the Libyan crisis. Does this initiative reflect an approach to accepting the fait accompli on the ground, or is it merely a carefully calculated political maneuver to buy time and regroup the forces of General Haftar as a prelude to intervention? An Egyptian soldier directly to not leave Libya an area of influence for Egypt’s first opponent, ie Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan?
Atwan believes that “caution remains required in any analysis of the military field situation on the Libyan soil, because the square has become a battleground for great and regional powers, and alliances can change, as well as the facts on the ground. Until a few months ago, General Haftar was at the gates of Al-Aziziya base in the heart of the capital, We have a lot of lessons in the Syrian scene, too.
The Emirati “Gulf” states in its editorial that “the time for war in Libya will stop.”
And it says, “It was natural for the UAE to support the Egyptian initiative because it integrates with its vision for a solution, especially as it calls for an immediate cease-fire and a return to the political track. In this context, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation has called on all Libyan parties, led by the government of reconciliation and the army. The Libyan patriot to the immediate response to this initiative by bloodshed, as a prelude to building the state of institutions, in order to avoid the continuation of the fighting with all the dangers it carries, extending the life of the conflict and threatening the independent Libyan entity.
Moataz Bellah Abdel-Fattah believes in the Egyptian “Al-Yawm Al-Saya” that Egypt is “demanding a cautious foreign policy that helps brothers and preserve their national security and does not get involved in the moving sands of the region.”
He says: “This retreat and repositioning in the Libyan national army led by Field Marshal Khalifa Hifter who visited Cairo, and then Mr. Aqila Saleh, Speaker of the Libyan Parliament, means that Cairo is required to intervene in the face of rude interference by Turkey in favor of its allies at the expense of the interest of Libya, and soft intervention By the brothers in Algeria and Tunisia in the same direction as well, despite the declared neutrality. ”
However, Karam Jabr in the Egyptian “Akhbar Al-Youm” sees that “a military solution has become impossible, and bloodshed is the title of the crisis, and foreign interference has torn the rest of Libya away.”
He says: “All parties are at stake, and the interest of the Libyan people is a cease-fire tomorrow, Monday, and the resort to a political settlement, so that the Libyan homeland returns to calm and security, and its people are blessed with life, after being torn by bloody conflicts and militia wars.”
“A message for Erdogan”
In his Jordanian “opinion,” Mohammed Naji Amayreh describes the Cairo Declaration as a “strong message to the Erdogan government that has plunged Turkish forces and mercenary terrorists to transport them to Libya from the territories under its control in Syria in direct support to the Saraj government and its militias.”
As for Salha Allam, she points out in the Qatari “Al-Sharq” that Haftar “ended in Libya.” She says: “It seems that Turkey chose the policy of roads on iron while it was hot, as a title for the second confrontation regarding the battles taking place in Libya, in an attempt to reshape the situation on the ground in proportion to the size of Its support for the government of national reconciliation to improve its position on the ground and create a new reality that strengthens its future negotiating position while preserving its interests. ”
In the Jordanian “Sabeel”, Hazem Ayyad points out to Cairo’s haste to launch a new urgent political initiative in which important capitals such as Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and Brussels were absent, which reflects the level of concern of the Egyptian presidency concerned about the repetition of the scene of Haftar defeats, and the handing over of cities in the Libyan West; the influence of Haftar is collapsing With acceleration, the disintegration of the Haftar camp in the Libyan East is very possible in light of tribal differences, military defeats, and international and regional isolation. ”
The writer is skeptical about the chances of the success of the Cairo Declaration, and says: “Cairo is making feverish efforts to float Haftar politically, tribally, and regionally. Haftar launched in his speech, in the presence of Sisi, a strong attack on Ankara, while Saleh kept the door open with Ankara with a speech less tense than the speech of his rival, Haftar.