Last Thursday, China launched a probe to Mars, with the aim of completing orbiting, landing and wandering in one mission, and taking the first step in exploring the Red Planet as part of plans to explore the solar system. With China announcing the success of the launch, which was carried out aboard a “Long” carrier rocket Marsh-5 “, the largest missile in China, has raised questions about the goal of this mission, is to discover the secrets of the origin of life and unlock more mysteries of the vast universe, or is it a Chinese quest to challenge Americas leadership in space ?.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin stresses that Chinas firm commitment to space exploration and the development of related science and technologies aims not only to raise its own capacity to delve into space, but also to serve the progress of mankind.
Experts and observers in China believe that the United States has been striving for years to try to undermine the development and progress of China, especially in space, indicating that the US Congress in 2011 put in place legislation to ban any form of space cooperation with China.
China indicates that during its endeavor to explore the heavens, it shared with the international community the scientific results reached during its exploration of the moon, and provided free satellite navigation services to global users via the global positioning system (Beidou), and also called on the member states of the United Nations to Scientific experiments on board the Chinese space station, which is expected to be completed by 2022.
The Chinese State Administration for Space explained that the journey to Mars will take between 6 to 7 months, as the space probe, named “Tianon-1”, is expected to arrive after the poem “Tianon”, which means questions to the sky written by the Chinese poet “Qiu Yuan” (about 340 to 278 BC), to the Red Planet by February 2021.
The administration stated that the trip aims to complete the rotation around the Red Planet, landing and wandering on one mission, in order to obtain scientific exploration data about Mars.
It is known that three countries so far: the United Arab Emirates, China and the United States have either sent or prepared to send unmanned spacecraft to Mars, which is more than 55 million km from Earth.
The ancient Chinese used to call the name “Yin Hu” on Mars, which means in the Chinese language dazzling and confusing, while the ancient Romans called it the god of war, because its red color reminds of blood.
The reason for interest in Mars is because, like Earth, it has warm temperatures and a thick, moist atmosphere around the surface, which helps discover the secrets of the origin of life, and unlock more mysteries of the vast universe, in addition to ensuring the survival and development of humanity in the long term.
The diameter of Mars is about 53% of the Earth’s diameter, and its mass represents about 14% of the Earth’s mass, and one day on Mars takes about 24 hours and 39 minutes, while one day on Earth takes about 23 hours and 56 minutes, as the two planets (Earth And Mars) have a lot in common, it is relatively easy for countries to launch exploration tasks for Mars, especially because it contains various terrain such as mountains, plains and furrows, and that relatively similar characteristics to it with the planet Earth, made him a kiss for space exploration.
Scientists believe that Mars is the only planet currently that humans can discover signs of life in the past and make future plans for the possibility of living on its surface.
So what should be agreed on is the need not to allow outer space to turn into an arena for a new cold war, but rather an arena for cooperation for a better future for humankind.