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The UN Security Council called on Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to dialogue with each other in order to find a solution to the crisis of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and members of the Council confirmed in their words, without a statement, after a session held via closed television circuit, yesterday evening, at the request of an Egyptian, that they support The efforts made by the African Union to resolve the crisis resulting from the huge dam that Ethiopia is building on the Blue Nile, and raises acute tensions between it and the two downstream countries, and many of the speakers went in the same direction, noting that this file is now in the custody of the African Union.
“This problem is before the council, because the time is short and the window to reach an agreement may be closed quickly,” said the US ambassador to the United Nations, who presented the file to the council on behalf of Egypt.
“The United States is aware of the recent efforts made by the African Union to facilitate additional talks between the three countries on the Renaissance Dam,” the ambassador said.
And it called on the three countries to refrain from taking “any measures that would undermine the necessary goodwill to reach an agreement.”
The American ambassador said that “the efforts of the three countries during the past period show the possibility of reaching a fair and balanced agreement, which takes into account the interests of the three countries if they have the commitment to achieve this.”
For its part, the Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations for Political Affairs, Rose Marie DiCarlo, stressed the importance of the commitment of the three countries to dialogue in order to find a solution to the dispute between them, and said in her speech that «differences can be overcome and agreement reached if all parties demonstrate the necessary political will to present Concessions, in accordance with the spirit of cooperation confirmed in the 2015 Declaration of Principles. ”
She added, “We strongly hope that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan will continue their efforts to reach an agreement that is beneficial to all.”
In turn, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, encouraged Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to reach an agreement to fill the Renaissance Dam, based on the “positive efforts” of the African Union. “The Secretary-General welcomes the results of the extraordinary meeting of the African Union, last Friday, on the Renaissance Dam,” Stefan Dujarric, a spokesman for Guterres, told a press conference at the organization’s headquarters in New York on Monday evening.
“The Secretary-General commends the African Union for its leadership in the efforts made to facilitate the reaching of an agreement,” Dujarric added.
He continued, “The Secretary-General encourages Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to build on the positive momentum and reach a mutually beneficial agreement.”
Ethiopias delegate to the United Nations, Ambassador Tay Asaki Sallasi, affirmed his country’s refusal to refer the Renaissance Dam crisis to the Security Council, indicating that it is looking for using its resources in a reasonable way after being deprived of that, and said during his speech before the session that the African Union is making great efforts in that issue , Saying: “The African Union has the will and expertise to seek agreement on the Renaissance Dam”
The delegate of South Africa, Ambassador Matthew Mattegla, called for “respect for the efforts of the African Union, to facilitate the reaching of an agreement.”
The delegate of Germany, Ambassador Christoph Hoyssgen, confirmed that the council “is counting on the three countries to reach a solution that balances their interests.” China, Ambassador Zhang Junjun, called for the need to support the role of the African Union in order to reach an agreement. The delegate of France, Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council’s work today, warned that the current crisis could lead to instability in the region.
Sudan’s delegate to the United Nations, Omar Al-Siddiq, affirmed Khartoum’s refusal to take any unilateral action regarding filling the Renaissance Dam reservoir, without reaching an agreement between the three countries. He pointed out that the Nile River belongs to the countries participating in it, and Ethiopia should cooperate and negotiate to solve the dam problem. He stated that “returning to negotiation enables the three countries to adopt a vision and reach a solution,” adding: “reaching an agreement before filling the Renaissance Dam is absolutely necessary to avoid harming millions of people”, stressing that Egypt and Sudan are exposed to harm in the event of unilateral interaction, so it must Reaching a comprehensive negotiation, indicating that since 2011 Sudan has continued to negotiate and adhere to the permanent agreements of the United Nations and international agreements to benefit from international waters.
He said: “Their position on the Renaissance Dam is based on the principle of not harming others.” He pointed out that African support could lead to a final agreement on the Renaissance Dam. The Sudanese delegate stressed his country’s demand to invite the presidents of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia to resolve the contentious issues, and to invite the parties to agree to the draft Sudan resolution as a basis for reaching a complete agreement and to stop any movement that undermines the efforts of the African Union on the Renaissance Dam.
- The situation in Egypt