Two Egyptian scientists were able to solve the mystery of the “stark woman’s mummy” from the royal cache in Deir el-Bahari, according to a recent study published in an international scientific journal.The research conducted by Dr. Zahi Hawass, the famous archaeologist and former Egyptian Minister of Archeology, and Dr. Sahar Selim, Professor of Radiology at Cairo University and specializing in archeology, revealed severe hardening of the coronary arteries of the Egyptian princess, which led to her sudden death by heart attack, and the Egyptian embalming was preserved The old position of her body at the moment of death for nearly three thousand years. This is the full story, as reported by “Russia Today”.
In 1881, the royal cache of Deir el-Bahari was discovered in Luxor, where priests of families 21 and 22 hid royal members from previous families to protect them from grave robbers.
The royal cache of the monastery of the monastery contained a “screaming mummy of the man,” which recent studies with CT scans showed belonged to Prince Bantawar, son of King Ramses III, who was forced to commit suicide by hanging as a punishment for his involvement in the killing of his father, King Ramses III in what is known as the harem plot. The murderous son was punished by not embalming his body and wrapping it with sheepskin, which indicates that he was considered (unclean) and his fate of hell in the hereafter, while the other mummies were wrapped in white linen and carefully embalmed.
The same royal cache in Deir el-Bahari also contained a mummy of a woman showing signs of terror, pain and screaming on her face, known as the “screaming mummy of a woman”.
What is the truth about the “blatant mummy of a woman”? How did she die? And why it was saved differently not seen before? Did the “blatant woman’s mummy” meet the same fate as Pentair, and she was punished with death and was not embalmed in a royal way like the rest of the princesses?
Who is the owner of “The Blatant Mummy”?
Writings in the hieratic language on linen scrolls about the mummy of “Blatant Women” refer to it as “the royal daughter, royal sister, Merritt Amon.” However, the mummy was considered unknown and was called “the mummy of the unknown woman eh”, as there were many princesses with the same name, for example Merit Amun, daughter of King Sakan Ra of the end of the seventeenth family (1558- 1553 BC), and so did Merit Amun is the daughter of King Ramses II (1279-1213 BC) of the Nineteenth Dynasty.
The results of the CT scan conducted by Dr. Zahi Hawas and Dr. Sahar Saleem indicate that the mummy belongs to a woman who died in the sixth decade of her life and that her body (and unlike Bantawir) had received great care from the mummifieds who removed the viscera and put expensive materials such as resin and scented spices In the body cavity, they used pure linen to wrap the mummy.
Ancient Egyptian medicine has defined “heart attack” and linked it to death. This is evidenced by the lines from the ancient Egyptian medicine papyrus known as the Ebers papyrus, which says that I address the doctor more than 3500 years ago: “When you examine a man who suffers from stomach pain, and suffers from pain in his arm and chest, this is Wad’s disease (equivalent to a heart attack), You must tell him that death is approaching. ”
A CT scan of “The Mummy of the Unknown Woman” showed that she suffered from stiffness in the left and right coronary arteries, as well as the arteries of the neck and the abdominal and iliac aorta, as well as the arteries of the lower limbs and legs.
The study assumes that the coronary vascular thrombosis of the “unknown woman’s mummy er” caused damage to the heart muscle, which led to her sudden death from a heart attack.
The death caused the head to tilt to the right and the jaw muscles relaxing, which opened the mouth. Evidence indicates that the deceased remained for a sufficient period for several hours in this position, before the body was discovered, and the spasm following death led to stiff muscles and joints and kept the princess’s mummy in this position of death, the embalms were unable to secure the closure of the mouth or put the body in the state of lying down as It was usual with the other mummies.
It appears that the embalmed did not intentionally neglect their work, but the circumstances of death led to this unusual mummy status.
The CT scan showed that the embalmed did not extract the mummy’s brain, as he still saw the brain inside the skull’s cavity, but tilted to the right side because of the body’s position on this side at death and after embalming.
Previous studies by Dr. Zahi Hawas and Dr. Sahar Salim on royal mummies using CT scans helped define features of embalming in different families.
This study suggests, by observing the characteristics of the embalming method of “blatant woman” (such as not extracting the brain) that it might have been Merritt Amun, daughter of King Sakan Ra, from the end of the seventeenth family 1558-1553 BC and not the daughter of King Ramses II (1279-1213) BC) from the Nineteenth Dynasty.
Dr. Zahi Hawas, along with Dr. Sahar Selim and the rest of the scientific team, will complete the Egyptian Mummy Project and perform DNA tests on the mummy of the “screaming woman”, which may help confirm her identity.