2020 is the year of Mars. The UAE has successfully launched the Mars probe, and in the next few days, China and the United States are also planning to launch their missions to Mars.
You may wonder why many countries launch similar missions at the same time? What are the greatest challenges expected for missions directed to Mars? And why has he become the “kiss” of space exploration of mankind?
Humans have been watching Mars for thousands of years, and the ancient Chinese called it “Yin Ho,” which means in Chinese the dazzling and confusing, according to (CGTN).
The ancient Romans named Mars after the god of war in their religion, because its red color reminded of blood, Mars became one of the most explored planets in the solar system.
But why does Mars attract so many, but not other, planets?
Mars and Earth “Garan”
Mars is one of the eight planets in the solar system, and scientists call it “the brother of planet earth”, because both have much in common.
Mars is about 53% of the Earth’s diameter, and its mass represents about 14% of the Earth’s mass. It takes one day on Mars about 24 hours and 39 minutes, while one day on Earth takes about 23 hours and 56 minutes.
Since these two planets have a lot in common, it is relatively easy for nations to launch exploration missions for Mars.
Mars also contains various topographical topography, including mountains, plains and furrow. The most important finding so far is that there are water resources on Mars.
Scientists discovered that billions of years ago, much of the surface of Mars was covered in water.
Study the environment of Mars
“Because Mars is so close to Earth and has relatively similar characteristics to Earth, it has become a priority planet in space exploration,” said Zhang Rongqiao, chief architect of Chinas first Mars mission.
“Many people disagree about whether Mars is the past or future of the Earth,” said Zhang. “Studying how Mars has become a dry, arid planet can help us protect the Earth.”
Human settlement in the future
If the planet Earth is threatened by many disasters, humans may need to find another planet and explore if it could become a new habitat for them.
Scientists say that Mars is the only planet currently that humans can discover signs of life in the past on and make future plans for the possibility of living on its surface.
Scientists have indicated that achieving this goal may require efforts spanning several generations, but the mission of exploring Mars today is to study its environment and search for life conditions to support the sustainable development of human life.
Since the journey from Earth to Mars takes about 7 months, the current mission of Mars exploration focuses on orbit, landing and exploration.
If any country wanted to build a base on Mars, then the next mission to Mars would be a manned mission.
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