According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths among males and females in the country.
People who smoke are at the top of the list of those at higher risk of lung cancer than non-smokers. In the United States, smoking cigarettes is more common among men than women.
And according to the “Health” website, about the early signs and symptoms of lung cancer in males. We also describe when to see a doctor, how the doctor makes a diagnosis, and tips for dealing with symptoms.
Early signs and symptoms
An early diagnosis of lung cancer improves a person’s outlook.
In the early stages, lung cancers often do not cause symptoms in anyone. Symptoms tend to develop as the cancer spreads and progresses.
Early diagnosis and treatment can dramatically improve a person’s outlook.
Non-small cell lung cancer, or “NSCLC,” is the most common type of lung cancer.
Symptoms can be similar in males and females and may include:
A cough that lasts for more than a few weeks
Coughing up blood
Pain when breathing or coughing
Shortness of breath
Frequent lung infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis, due to cancer cells blocking the airways.
Atelectasis, which is the collapse of the lungs after cancer causes a blockage in the airways.
If squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer, develops in the lungs, a person may also have paraneoplastic syndrome.
Paraneoplastic syndrome occurs when cancer cells or cells from the immune system produce hormones or other substances that alter surrounding tissues.
It can cause symptoms, such as:
Difficulty walking and maintaining balance
Loss of muscle coordination
Another type of lung cancer, called small cell lung cancer or SCLC, has been more common in males than females. However, the gap is narrowing because the incidence of lung cancer in men has decreased over the past decade.
SCLC usually develops near the central airways of the lungs, and it often spreads to the brain.
Early symptoms may include:
Weakness on one side of the body
Changes in cough
When to see a doctor
People diagnosed with lung cancer usually have few or no symptoms when the disease is in its initial stage. By the time it has developed enough to cause symptoms, it may have spread to other parts of the body, and this is true in both males and females.
When people develop symptoms, they often mistake them for the effects of smoking or for a less serious condition, such as an infection.
Early diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer can improve a person’s outlook.
If anyone experiences any of the following, they should see a doctor:
Shortness of breath
A cough that does not go away
Blood in phlegm
The blood that comes with the cough
Weight loss is not easy to explain
Imaging tests can guarantee an accurate diagnosis. In the United States, doctors can now successfully diagnose and treat lung cancer at an early stage in both males and females. People who receive treatment for early-stage lung cancer have a better chance of living longer
To look for signs of lung cancer, the doctor may begin by asking about the person’s general health and any symptoms.
The doctor may then perform a physical examination and a spirometry test. In this test, a doctor asks a person to breathe into a small device called a spirometer, which can help diagnose lung problems.
The doctor may also order a blood test to rule out other conditions that may be causing symptoms, such as lung infections.
To ensure an accurate diagnosis and rule out other conditions, the doctor may also recommend one or more of the following tests:
Imaging tests: These allow doctors to check the inside of the body for signs of lung cancer and other diseases. Imaging tests may include a chest X-ray or a CT scan.
Sputum cytology: During this test, people are asked to cough up a small amount of sputum, which will then be analyzed by a doctor under a microscope to look for cancer cells.
Biopsy: In this procedure, a doctor collects a small sample of cells from a person’s lungs for laboratory analysis. To collect cells, the doctor inserts a thin tube through the person’s mouth or nose.