And many of the important plant compounds found in wheat are concentrated in the bran and wheat germ, which refined white flour lacks, and the nutritional value of brown bread comes from the whole wheat grains, which consist of several parts, including: the bran, which represents the hard outer shell that is rich in fiber, minerals, And antioxidants, and the endosperm of the seed, which represents the middle layer of the grain, and is often composed of carbohydrates, and wheat germ, which is the inner layer that contains vitamins, minerals, proteins and plant compounds.
The following article introduces you to the benefits of brown bread with the President of the Syndicate of Nutritionists in Lebanon, Crystal Beshti, on the following topic:
Captain Crystal Beshti confirmed, “The brown bread is also called whole wheat bread, and it is bread made from whole wheat flour. This flour can be obtained by grinding the whole wheat seed, which consists of 3 parts: the germ, the bran and the endosperm. It should be noted that there is a difference between the types of flour, as white flour contains only one part, which is the endosperm, which grinds well, while whole wheat flour contains the three parts mentioned previously. Types of bread differ in nutritional value, and nutritionists advise to increase the intake of whole grains, as choosing whole wheat bread is part of a healthy meal.
Captain Bashy continued, saying: “Brown (whole) bread differs from white bread, in that it contains a high percentage of dietary fiber, and thus it needs a longer period of chewing before swallowing, which helps to eat slowly and eat less of it, and a feeling of fullness and fullness, and thus helps in Maintaining normal weight, reducing it and getting rid of obesity. ”
Fiber works to regulate the ability of the gastrointestinal tract to absorb sugars, so the level of insulin in the blood does not rise to the point of overstressing the pancreas, and it also reduces cholesterol, thus protecting against strokes and heart disease.
Brown bread contains a high proportion of vitamin B1, which is necessary for the representation of food energy and is very beneficial for the digestive system.
There is no difference in calories between brown and white bread, as one slice of brown or white bread is equivalent to 80 calories and contains 15 grams of carbohydrates.
Whole grains provide the body with many important nutrients, as they are rich in fiber because they contain bran, and they also contain a wide range of vitamins such as niacin, thiamin and folate. Minerals like zinc, iron, magnesium, manganese and many other substances.
Brown bread reduces the risk of heart disease, which is one of the most important health benefits of whole grains. As heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. The researchers emphasized the importance of eating foods prepared from whole grains and avoiding varieties with refined grains.
Brown bread also contributes to reducing the risk of stroke, and this is due to the fact that whole grains contain some compounds such as fiber, vitamin K and antioxidants, which in turn reduce the risk of stroke.
Finally, brown bread reduces the risk of obesity, especially since eating foods rich in fiber can help fill the stomach and feel full, and avoid overeating.