Mental health – what are the Lebanese waiting for after the tragedy in Beirut?

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Five days after the Beirut port explosion, citizens are still living through this shock. Screams, fear, communing, and tears. Their thoughts and feelings stopped at six oclock eight minutes. There is no doubt that the events of the “moment of explosion” were imprinted in their memory. They recount them as though they were events that took place for hours, which consist of minutes. All they remember: “We escaped death,” “A new age has befallen us,” “We lost our life reaps.”

“The repercussions of this humanitarian disaster are not easy, and it is not required to forget them in the blink of an eye. Rather, our feelings must be understood and expressed in order to release this internal anger.”

What is psychological trauma?

Trauma is an emotional response to a bad event or traumatic disaster. It includes several stages before a sufferer reaches PTSD, namely:

The first stage: the denial stage

During this period the individual refuses to believe what happened to him.

The second stage: the anger stage

The sufferer expresses the feelings that he keeps inside him.

The third stage: the bargaining stage

During this period, the individual blames himself for not acting in other ways during the incident.

The fourth stage: the grief stage

During this period, he expresses his pain through loss of appetite, lack of communication with others, and isolation.

The final stage: the acceptance stage

After the previous stages, the individual becomes able to be honest and adapt to his reality and the bad event.

وحول Duration of each stageSalibi indicated that it differs from one individual to another, some of them move to other stages quickly, and others need a longer range to accept reality and then move to the next stage.

With regard to the ability to overcome it, she emphasized that there are several factors that determine this issue, including the personality of the individual, past circumstances, and history of anxiety disorders.

Read also: How do we recover from trauma?

What is PTSD?

When people experience trauma, they develop “post-traumatic stress disorder” after a period of time ranging from days to a month. Their behavior constitutes a response to a traumatic event as a result of experiencing a person’s actual death or serious injury or seeing family members undergo this pain. The symptoms of this stage are as follows:

– painful memories

Recurring dreams about this traumatic event

Extreme frustration, depression, or anxiety if exposed to any internal or external stimuli related to the disaster

Exaggerated vigilance

Trouble concentrating

Negative mood changes, such as fear, terror, and guilt

Decline in participating in social events or stopping routine activities

Sleep disturbances

– And if the trauma is strong, he may resort to drug addiction in order to forget.

Does trauma accompany us throughout our lives?

“Nothing stays the same,” according to Salibi, provided that it is treated in a correct manner, based on the expression of feelings and emotions. And in the event that these inner feelings are restricted and “silenced”, they remain with him throughout his life.

Concealing these feelings leads to psychological – physical pain, which appears through stomach pain, headache, back and foot pain, in addition to feelings of depression and pain.

Also read: PTSD: This is what awaits us in the future

How do we help ourselves in this difficult stage?

According to Crusaders, one should follow several steps, the most prominent of which are:

First- Expressing what he lived through to someone close to him and trusting him, or through writing, drawing, or speaking methods.

SecondlyDoing sports activities to release this negative energy.

Third- Spending time outdoors and in nature.

Fourthly- Regulate the sleep process.

Fifth – Eat healthy food.

When do we resort to a therapist?

When these symptoms remain for more than a month in the individual, in other words, his mental health deteriorates, he must see a psychotherapist to help him overcome these symptoms.

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