The Bunia virus … a new infectious disease that is spreading in the world without treatment

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According to a research paper published at the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the Bunia virus is a viral haemorrhagic fever caused by a type of phlebotomy virus, it belongs to the Bunia virus family, and is transmitted to humans through a tick insect, which is usually found In the Americas, Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean.

The tick insect is the main vector of the virus, and the virus itself is spread through the bite of infected animals or when people come into contact with infected blood or mucus or the wounds of a person infected with the Bunia virus.

The Bunia virus has appeared in China, Japan and South Korea in recent years, where outbreaks have been reported for several years apart 2007, 2013, 2017, and the United States has also reported cases of mild but similar symptoms, and a study of Bunia virus infection has also been conducted in Vietnam.

Its outbreak in more than one country indicates that it has moved between continents, but so far it has not been a concern by the world’s health authorities so far, andThe virus is believed to have spread from last March to November, with infections peaking between April and July.

Another research conducted in 2018 showed that the rates of virus transmission and mortality indicate that 10 to 30% of infection ended with the death of Punia virus patients, and the World Health Organization / The virus is in its top 10 chart due to its prevalence and high mortality.

Symptoms

People with Bunia virus infection, showing signs of fever, symptoms of gastrointestinal upset, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and elevated liver enzymes in the blood, and patients with severe cases of hemorrhagic fever are usually doomed to death due to atrophy of many Of members.

AndAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), atypical signs and symptoms of the virus have been identified, as well as asymptomatic infections.

The early symptoms are fatigue and fever, said Cheng Shifang, a doctor who specializes in infectious viruses and a therapist from the new Bunya virus and director of the Infectious Diseases Department of the First Hospital of the Medical College of Zhejiang University. Sometimes there will be a rash, with the possibility of transmission from one person to another.

treatment

According to a study published in The Lancet, there is currently no specific treatment or vaccine for the Bunia virus, and the only known way to prevent infection and spread the disease from person to person is to avoid tick bites.

People are advised not to go to the bush and places with trees during an outbreak because ticks are more common in wooded areas, These precautions should be strictly followed during the summer season, as ticks actively breed during this period.

Bunia is a Punyamera virus, and it can infect humans and yellow fever mosquitoes, which are known as the Aedes aegypti, and the virus was named by this name in relation to a town in western Uganda called (Bunyamera), where the virus was first discovered in 1943.

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