What is cataract and how is it treated?


Cataracts are a disease associated with your aging.By the age of 80, more than half of Americans suffer from cataracts or have undergone surgery to repair them, while cataracts are common as we age, unless they are left untreated. , It can cause blindness. In this report, we learn about cataracts and their treatment, according to the “Health Talk” website.

What is cataract and how is it treated?

A person is born with a transparent lens that allows you to shift focus of your eye and a cataract is blurry on this natural lens and it usually starts at the age of 60 but can occur early.

Symptoms of cataracts

Common symptoms of cataracts are:

Blurry vision

Sensitivity to light

Trouble seeing at night

Double vision

Patients usually complain about difficulty driving, especially at night in dim light, in the rain and also complain about difficulty reading the lowercase letters they say they need a very bright light. After a while, the bright light doesn’t actually help you see. “

Causes of cataracts

The lens of your eyes is made of protein and water. As you age, the protein breaks down and clumps in the lens, making it cloudy.

Aging is the main risk factor, but other factors include excessive exposure to the sun, smoking, drinking too much alcohol, eye trauma or injury, diabetes, radiation, and taking steroids.

Treatment of cataracts

Surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial plastic lens is the most common treatment for cataracts

If you have cataracts in both eyes, the surgery is performed separately for each eye, allowing the first eye to recover with its new lens before treating the second eye. The second procedure usually follows two to four weeks after the first.

The implanted lens changes the prescription of the eye, and many times patients only need reading glasses afterward.

The lens gives the patient a distant vision, but they usually need glasses for reading, however, if they suffer from astigmatism, they may need distance glasses to correct their astigmatism. ”


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