“Heart failure” does not mean that the heart stops performing its functions, but rather that it is not doing them properly. A person develops heart failure when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to the body.
Weakening of the heart muscle
According to WebMD, one of the many causes of functional impairment is weakening of the heart muscle. But there are also other reasons why the heart may be working less than it should. The heart may struggle to compensate for this deficiency for some time, but eventually the patient will need treatment.
Young and old
Heart failure can begin to fail with age, but young adults can develop the same condition as well. Most patients with heart failure have a related pre-existing problem, such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, a heart attack, a congenital heart defect, or a disease of the pumping muscle. Lung disease can also lead to heart failure. Obesity, diabetes, and sleep apnea have also been linked to it.
Symptoms are similar to the common cold
Experts recommend that you consult a doctor when the following symptoms recur or persist and not explain some of them as just a cold:
Shortness of breath
It is one of the first signs of danger, especially after a physical activity. It can also occur when a person is at rest once heart failure has worsened, and it may sometimes be felt while lying down or sleeping.
If the heart is not pumping blood normally, the brain takes blood from less important areas of the body – such as the muscles in the extremities – to the brain and other vital organs. This can cause weakness in the arms and legs. The patient may feel tired when performing normal daily activities such as climbing stairs or walking across the room.
Troublesome cough and wheezing
Coughing and wheezing are signs of heart failure, as the blood returning to it from the lungs recedes, which means fluid enters the lungs. Sometimes, the coughing can lead to white or pink mucus.
Swelling and weight gain
Fluids can build up in the tissues as well. This can cause swelling in the feet, ankles, legs or abdomen. A doctor should be consulted immediately if there is persistent swelling or sudden weight gain.
A patient with heart failure may feel nauseous or just feel full, as if he can no longer eat any more. Either way, this can lead to a lack of appetite. This happens because the digestive system does not get enough blood and oxygen.
A rapid heartbeat is a common sign, as the heart does not pump enough blood, and therefore the body resorts to compensation in several ways:
Enlargement of the heart muscle so that it can push blood more forcefully
Enlarge the size of the heart so that it can expand and contract better
Rapid heart rate.
Confusion and disorientation
A patient with heart failure may appear confused or slow and may start to forget things. When other organs do not function well due to a lack of blood, it affects the amount of certain minerals and salts (such as sodium) in the blood, thus affecting the discipline of the functioning of the mind.
Tips to prevent heart failure
Experts recommend that a doctor be consulted if a person senses that their heart is at risk or has already been damaged. Medicines can help reduce risks and avoid worsening them. The risk of developing heart failure can be reduced by:
Eat healthy and beneficial food
Exercise, especially walking.
– Quit Smoking.
Get rid of excess weight