Current medications for Alzheimer’s disease help temporarily improve symptoms or slow the rate at which the disease worsens, but there is no treatment to prevent it from developing in the brain.
In the advanced stages of the disease, complications from severe loss of brain function – such as dehydration, malnutrition, or infection – are fatal.
Memory loss is the main symptom of this disease, as the patient begins to forget recent conversations and events, and brain changes gradually develop until the symptoms begin to be repeated questions, forgetting appointments, wasting things and not knowing their order, so they have difficulty remembering descriptive words.
There are five stages associated with Alzheimer’s disease, which are known in detail as follows, according to the Medicine website:
In this dormant stage, there are no symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and it may extend for a long time. This stage is called pre-clinical Alzheimer’s disease.
The disease is only detected at this stage through modern imaging techniques that show deposits of a substance called beta-amyloid associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
This is where slight changes in memory and thinking ability begin that are not so severe that they affect work or relationships.
The patient suffers from memory loss with easy-to-remember information, such as conversations, events or recent appointments, and determining the length of time required to perform a task, or they may face difficulty correctly judging the number of steps or sequence required to complete a particular task, and depression may be a cause of this stage.
Here the symptoms are evident to those around the patient as follows:
Memory loss in relation to recent events: Individuals may have difficulty remembering newly known information, in particular, and repeat the same question.
Difficulty solving problems, complex tasks and sound judgments: planning, for example, a family occasion or balancing a checkbook, may become stressful for them, and many people suffer from lapses in judgment, for example when making financial decisions.
Personality changes: People may become suppressed or withdrawn – especially in socially challenging situations – or exhibit uncharacteristic irritability or anger. They also commonly have a decreased range of attention and motivation to complete tasks.
Difficulty organizing and expressing ideas: Finding the right words to describe things or express ideas clearly becomes a huge challenge for them.
Losing their way or misplacing items: People have an increasing problem finding their way around, even in their usual places. It also becomes common for things to be lost or misplaced, including valuable items.
Here people become more confused and forgetful and begin to seek help with daily activities and self-care.
People with moderate Alzheimer’s disease suffer from:
Increased weakness of opinion and extreme confusion: they forget where they are, which day of the week they are, or which month we are in season. Often they lose the ability to know their personal belongings and may inadvertently take things that are not theirs.
They may confuse family members or close friends as other people or mistake them for family strangers. They often hang out, probably looking for the surroundings that make them feel more familiar and appropriate. These difficulties make it unsafe for those with middle stage Alzheimer’s disease to go out on their own.
Have more amnesia: People may forget details of their life story, such as their address, phone number, or school they attended. They repeat their favorite stories or make up stories to make up for any lack of memory.
Need help with some daily activities: Help may be needed when choosing appropriate clothing for the occasion, weather, showering, personal grooming or using the bathroom, and other self-care activities. Usually some individuals lose their ability to control urine and pass the urine (bowel movements).
They are undergoing marked changes in personality and behavior: It is common for people with moderate Alzheimer’s disease to have unfounded suspicions. For example, they become convinced that friends, family, or professional caregivers are stealing from them or suspecting their spouses. Others may see or hear things that are not really there. Often people become irritable or irritable, especially late in the day. People may experience aggressive physical behavior states.
In the acute (late) stage of Alzheimer’s disease, mental function continues to decline and the disease’s effect on movement and physical abilities develops.
In acute Alzheimer’s, people usually experience:
Loss of the ability to communicate coherently: The individual is no longer able to speak or speak in a coherent manner, although he may sometimes say words or phrases.
Ask for daily help with personal care: This may include overall help with eating, dressing, using the bathroom and all other daily tasks of self-care.
They suffer from a deterioration in physical abilities: the person may become unable to walk without assistance, then be unable to sit or hold their head without support, to the point that the muscles become stiff and the reflexes are abnormal. Ultimately, the person loses the ability to swallow and control bladder and bowel functions.
The above mentioned symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, everyone should pay attention to them in the event that there are elderly people in the family to deal with the situation, and to know the treatment of each stage of it.
It is worth noting that women are more likely to have the disease than men because they live longer.
As for the rate of progression of Alzheimer’s disease, it varies greatly, and people with Alzheimer’s disease live an average of 8 to 10 years after diagnosis, but some live longer, up to 25 years.
Pneumonia causes death in many cases due to impaired swallowing that allows food and drinks to enter the lung, where infection can begin, in addition to some other common causes such as complications of urinary tract infection and falls.