Atrial fibrillation is a rapid, irregular heartbeat, which can increase your risk of strokes, heart failure, and any other heart-related complications, and atrial fibrillation chains can come and go, or atrial fibrillation may develop so that it continues to occur, and may require treatment. And, although atrial fibrillation itself is not usually life-threatening, it is considered a serious medical condition that sometimes needs urgent treatment. Within the Q and C series of topics, The Seventh Day provides everything you need to know about atrial fibrillation, according to the website Mayoclinic .
Q: What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
Some people with atrial fibrillation do not show any symptoms and do not realize they have the condition until it is discovered during a physical examination.People with symptoms of atrial fibrillation may exhibit signs and symptoms such as:
1: Palpitations, which is a feeling of a racing, uncomfortable or irregular heartbeat.
2: Impaired ability to exercise.
5: Shortness of breath.
6: Chest pain.
Q: When do you visit the doctor?
If you experience any of the symptoms of atrial fibrillation, you should see your doctor. Your doctor may order an EKG to determine whether your symptoms are related to atrial fibrillation or other symptoms of a heart rhythm disorder.
If you have chest pain, seek immediate medical attention, as chest pain could be an indication that you are having a heart attack..
What are the causes of atrial fibrillation?
Injury to the heart’s structure with any abnormalities or damage is the most common cause of atrial fibrillation. Possible causes of atrial fibrillation include the following:
1: High blood pressure
2: Heart attack.
3: Coronary artery disease.
4: Abnormal heart valves.
5: Some heart defects you are born with are heart.
6: Hyperthyroidism or other metabolic imbalances.
7: Exposure to stimuli, such as drugs, caffeine, tobacco or alcohol.
8: Lung disease.
9: Previous heart surgery.
10: Viral infection
11: Stress due to surgery, pneumonia or other illnesses.
Q: What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?
1: Age, the older you get, the greater your risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
2: My heart disease. Anyone with a heart disease such as heart valve problems, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, a history of a heart attack or heart surgery – is at increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
3: High blood pressure, if you have high blood pressure and especially if it is not well controlled through lifestyle changes or medications, it can increase your risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
4: Other chronic diseases. People who suffer from certain chronic conditions such as thyroid problems, sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or lung disease have an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation..
5: Drinking alcohol, for some people, drinking alcohol can trigger an episode of atrial fibrillation. Heavy drinking can put you at greater risk.
6: Obesity – The risk of developing atrial fibrillation increases in obese individuals.
7: Family history. Some families have an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
Q: What are the methods of preventing atrial fibrillation?
To prevent atrial fibrillation, it is important to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of heart disease, and may include the following healthy lifestyle::
1: Eat a Heart-Healthy Diet.
2: Increase your physical activity.
3: Avoid smoking.
4: Maintain a healthy weight.
5: Limit or avoid caffeine and alcohol.
6: Reducing stress. Intense stress and anger can cause problems with the rhythm of the heartbeat.
7: Use over-the-counter medicines with caution, as some cold and cough medicines contain stimulants that may speed up the heart rhythm.