Yassin is one of thousands of Moroccans who hope to find a donor who brings salvation to lead a normal life, but this goal is not easy, given the absence of a culture of organ donation among Moroccans and their reluctance to almost completely perform the operation.
Over the past three decades, only 1100 Moroccans donated their organs, and 630 total transplants were performed in the Kingdom, according to recent figures issued by the Moroccan Association for Fighting Kidney diseaseOn the occasion of the International Kidney Donation Day, which falls on October 17 of each year.
Waiting for a donor .. Health and psychological effects
Yassin, who goes to the dialysis center 3 times a week, says that “organ donation is weak in Morocco” and attributes to Iqbal’s weakness Moroccans On this voluntary act, to the lack of awareness of the importance of donation and the absence of sufficient awareness in addition to the scarcity of information, and the spread of false rumors related to the religious, health and legal aspect.
He affirms that “had the correct information spread regarding this issue, Moroccans would be more willing to donate their organs after their death and exceed expectations.”
Young Yassin continues, saying: “Without a successful kidney transplant, it is difficult for a person with chronic disease to live his life normally, as the disease is reflected in various aspects of his social and professional life. Perhaps the clearest example of this is the weekly rations for blood filtering that compel him not to travel. He is outside his city, and finds it difficult to stick to work or study hours, with the cancellation of many of his daily programs. “
Among the consequences also, Yassin says: “The patient’s psychological condition may develop, and he tends to isolate himself from the outside world and enter a state of severe depression, which may lead him to contemplate suicide in order to put an end to suffering with the disease.”
Agriculture … a second chance at life
“I didn’t know any information about it renal failureOnly after I had this chronic disease, when the doctor told me that I had to undergo three blood filtering sessions a week, she would accompany me throughout my life. News came like a thunderbolt on me and my family “This is what Sana Boumzoud, 41, kept from painful memories that she still has from the moment she learned of her kidney failure ten years ago.
Sana added to “Sakaa News Arabia”: “I did not have health coverage at the time and it was treatment Expensive, as I was in dire need of three servings a week to filter the kidneys, each costing 1000 dirhams (about $ 100). “
After suffering with the disease that prompted her to drop out of school, Sanaa says, “her family was forced to sell her property in order to take care of her treatment, as she underwent a total transplant in a city hospital LigamentAfter her brother volunteered and donated a kidney, it saved her life from destruction. “
Sanaa added, “Before the operation, none of my family members or relatives expected that I would survive, especially after a psychological crisis and complete isolation that caused me to become sick, as all my thoughts during that period were linked to death even though I am a life-loving person.”
The success of a kidney transplant had a major role in planting hope again in Sana’s psyche, describing to Sky News Arabia her experience: “It was the most important lesson I had received in my life, as I became a sense of the real value of things and appreciated the simplest of them. Kidney transplant I lead a very normal life and my brother does not suffer from any health complications due to the operation. “
The absence of an organ donation culture
Kidney transplants have not exceeded in the last 30 years Morocco, West, sunset 570 operations, sourced from a donor from family members, and only 60 operations from people in the event of brain death. Health professionals describe these numbers as very weak, as they do not meet the needs of 32,000 people who resort to dialysis.
In response to a question by “Sky News Arabia” about the reason Moroccans refuse to accept Organ donationTariq Al-Skali Al-Husseini, head of the Nephrology Department at the Hassan II Hospital Center, confirms Axe, That “most Moroccans did not receive adequate awareness regarding this subject, due to its absence, whether in the educational curricula or within the governmental national strategies.”
The Ministry of Health had not, in past decades, included it among its priorities, as the focus was more on infectious and septic diseases.
Among the reasons behind the reluctance of Moroccan citizens to donate organs is their lack of confidence in the health system due to the conditions of patient care in a number of HospitalsAccording to Dr. Skali.
In order to establish a culture of organ donation among Moroccans, Dr. Skalli called for a new approach to be adopted by being open to the issue of organ donation in order to allow citizens to express their position on donating their organs, so that their family members and their surroundings know in advance of the position of the deceased person on this issue.
The doctor says: “Someone is hiding behind Debt To justify his lack of conviction with the idea of donating organs. ”And he adds:“ There is no official fatwa prohibiting this. Moroccan law The right to donate organs is guaranteed and this process is strictly codified. “
Is donating organs legally permissible?
In light of the controversy over the permissibility or not to donate organs, most religious scholars have permitted this, whether alive or after death, according to certain conditions and specific controls.
The religious preacher speaks in one of the local councils in the city White House Zuhair Al-Omari, about the conditions that must be met for organ donation, and says, “The organ donor should not receive any financial compensation, and the process should not be done with the aim of selling or buying.”
He added in a statement to “Sky News Arabia”, that “among the conditions for organ donation is also that the operation does not cause any harm to the donor’s health. The speaker points out that it is not permissible for a living person to donate an organ that may end his life, such as the heart, for example.”
And about Donation After death, contemporary Sharia scholars differed between opposing and agreeing, as Al-Omari asserts, adding: “The opponents justify their position that the human body belongs to God, and it is not permissible to dispose of it. The door to kindness after death. “
Strict law to prevent trade in organs
و .قر Morocco, West, sunset Since 1999, a law has regulated the process of donating human organs and tissues, and establishing legal protection for the donor from any manipulation in the process.
The process of organ donation in Morocco, which takes place exclusively in government hospitals, is of two types. The first is the donation from a neighborhood that is brought together by family relatives. As for the second type, it is the donation from a living dead person, where the deceased donates his organs in connection with his life or after his death if he had not previously expressed his rejection of the operation and provided that his family members did not object.
ويعتبر Moroccan law That this human act, in no way, can it be carried out for the purpose of obtaining a wage or the subject of a commercial transaction.
In order to ensure that the process does not turn into trafficking in human organs, the law punishes with imprisonment from two to five years, and a fine for anyone who offers, by any means, the organization or conduct of a commercial transaction regarding the taking of human organs.
The law framing the organ donation process in Morocco, within its seventh article, stresses that it is impermissible for the donor to know the identity of the donor, and it is not permissible to disclose any information that enables the identification of the donor.
In this context, the lawyer at the Casablanca Authority, Lubna Al-Soghayri, told “Sky News Arabia” that there is a special procedure that the person wishing to donate must follow, by heading to the headquarters of the Civil Court, and signing his personal commitment to donating organs in a special record for that.
The attorney explains that the donor can, at any time, withdraw from donating his organs.