French secularism | Egyptian today


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Away from the conflict with the recent statements of French President Emmanuel Macron about the “crisis of Islam” and targeting a large part of the French media for Muslims and placing them as accused of violence and terrorism, and also away from many reactions in the Arab and Islamic worlds, I considered that France’s only issue is hatred of Islam and targeting Muslims and not defending The interests of its people and adherence to its constitutions, which if they were all bad, would not have sought millions of people in the Arab world to emigrate and live there.

The truth is that the repercussions of the terrorist crime committed by a Chechen young man (the beheading of a young teacher who insulted the noble messenger with cartoons under the pretext of freedom of opinion) was profound on both sides. To generalize and accuse all Muslims of terrorism.

Nevertheless, it will remain useful to understand the peculiarity of the French secular model compared to other European secular models, as it is the most strict model because it separates religion from the public sphere, and not only the political sphere like all civil states in the world.

France has known the 1905 law that prohibited the state from spending on Christian churches and religious institutions.

What is certain is that this decision was strictly applied in France, and it raised problems after Islam became the second religion in France. Muslims considered that Catholics inherited churches and institutions that were well-established and wealthy in society for centuries, while the Muslims who emerged as a modern expatriate religion, if they wanted to build mosques Their graves collided with the failure of the state to spend on them according to the laws of the French secular model, so they had (and some of them liked it) to resort to Arab and Islamic countries to build mosques and support Islamic organizations.

Therefore, Macron’s call to impose control over the external financing of French Islamic institutions is acceptable and cannot be viewed as hostility to Islam, but rather an activation of a law that applies to all religions, with the need to find ways to finance local French to build Islamic places of worship and other activities as long as within the framework of the constitution and the law.

The truth is that French secularism separates religion from the public sphere, so it does not find on the explanation board in public schools a hanging cross like many European schools, and does not allow headscarves or headscarves in schools and in any government institution, while private schools, including Catholic ones, accept Muslim students who wear Hijab after they were excluded from public schools.

It is true that French secularism preoccupies itself with many details, especially for matters that are considered in many European societies personal matters (such as the veil, Burkinabe swimsuit, or halal meat) and do not arouse the slightest interest in Britain and many European countries, matters that need a mutual discussion to understand the nature of the French model that concerns them It will not be imposed on us.

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