American voters must present a clear choice for whoever they choose as their country’s president on Election Day, between incumbent Republican Donald Trump and his Democratic rival, Joe Biden.
This selection process depends on many factors, the most prominent of which is the proposed policies of both candidates that were promised during their election campaigns.
Here, we take a look at the candidate’s policiesaN and what they represent and defend, comparing them in eight basic issues.
President Trump: A Coronavirus Task Force was formed in January, which he says has now shifted its focus to achieving “a security opening for the country” after the pandemic crisis.
The President also gave priority to making rapid developments in the field of finding treatments and vaccines for the disease, allocating $ 10 billion for these projects.
Biden: He wants to establish a tracking program to count the infected and their contacts at the national level, to limit the outbreak of the disease, to establish ten centers to conduct virus detection checks at least in every state, and to provide Corona virus detection examinations for free for everyone.
Biden supports making the wearing of face masks compulsory throughout the country, which requires the wearing of masks in all federal facilities.
President Trump: He is skeptical of climate change and wants to expand the use of non-renewable energy sources (fossil fuels). Therefore, it seeks to increase oil and gas exploration, as well as to reverse the additional measures taken in the field of environmental protection policies.
He has pledged to pull out of the Paris climate agreement – the international agreement to deal with climate change – from which the United States will formally withdraw later this year.
Biden: He says he will immediately re-join the United States to the Paris climate agreement if elected.
And it seeks to reach the United States to the level of zero emissions (greenhouse gases) by 2020. It proposes to prevent new licenses for oil and gas exploration in public lands, as well as an investment of two trillion dollars in green energy.
President Trump:He pledged to create 10 million jobs within 10 months, and create one million jobs in the field of small companies.
Trump is seeking to provide income tax cuts and tax guarantees for companies to incentivize them to keep their businesses and activities in the United States.
Biden: He wants to increase taxes on people with high incomes and invest what is received from that in public services, but he says that the increase will only affect those who earn more than $ 400 million a year.
Biden supports raising the minimum wage at the federal level to $ 15 an hour instead of the current rate of $ 7.25 an hour.
President Trump: Wants to repeal the Affordable Health Care Act that was enacted during the era of President Barack Obama, and which increases the control of federal government institutions in imposing regulatory legislation over the work of the private health insurance system; Among them, it is illegal to refuse insurance coverage for persons with pre-existing medical conditions.
Trump says he wants to improve and replace this law, although no details of his plan have been released.
The president is also seeking to lower drug prices by allowing cheaper drugs to be imported from abroad.
Biden: Facilitator wants to protect and expand healthcare law.
It also seeks to reduce the age of those entitled to medical care, a policy that will provide medical benefits for elderly people between 65 to 60 years old.
Biden also wants to give all Americans the option to enroll in a public health insurance plan similar to Medicare.
President Trump: He reaffirmed his promise to reduce the number of US forces overseas, while continuing to invest in the military sector.
Trump says he will continue to challenge international alliances and keep trade tariffs on Chinese goods.
Biden: He promised to mend relations with US allies. He says he will work to get rid of the unilaterally imposed tariffs on China, but he will make the Chinese accountable to an international coalition “that China cannot ignore.”
Race relations and the police force
President Trump: Trump says he does not believe racism is a general structural problem in US police. He has positioned himself as an ardent advocate of law enforcement, but has opposed shackling of detainees’ necks to limit their movement during their detention, and has promised financial grants to improve policing practices during law enforcement operations.
Biden: He views racism as a general structural problem in the police, and he has devised policies to deal with racial disparities within the US justice system, such as grants to incentivize states to reduce the rate of incarceration and detention.
Biden rejected calls to stop funding the police, saying that additional resources should be available to them instead, to ensure they perform within the right standards.
President Trump: He has a broad interpretation of the concept of protection in the Second Amendment to the US Constitution, which gives Americans the right to bear arms. He has already proposed tightening background checks on arms sellers following a series of mass shootings in 2019, but nothing has filtered out of his plan, and no additional legislation has been introduced in this regard.
Biden: He proposed banning offensive weapons, establishing a comprehensive background check for buyers, determining the number of weapons that one person can buy: with one weapon per month, and facilitating the process of suing weapons manufacturers and sellers who neglect this.
It will also finance more research studies in the field of preventing armed violence.
President Trump: He says that he is constitutionally entitled to fill any vacancy in the court during the remainder of his presidential term. The appointment has been nominated for a Conservative Judge, Amy Connie Barrett.
There is one issue that the Supreme Court may issue its decision on soon, is to give the legal right to abortion in the United States, something that the President and Judge Barrett had previously opposed in the past.
Biden: He wants the vacancy on the Supreme Court to be filled after the next president takes office in the White House. He says that, if elected, he would work to pass a bill to ensure women are given the right to abortion, if the Supreme Court rules against granting this right to them.