The difference between the current US President Donald Trump and the Democratic candidate for the upcoming US presidential elections, Joe Biden, is almost absolute and includes everything, whether on the personal or political level.
Despite all of this, there is something that they share, which is the position on the American military presence in the Middle East. Both men want an end to American involvement in the endless wars of the Middle East.
There is a near-consensus among observers that Biden will not give the Middle East the attention it was receiving by successive US administrations due to the decline in the importance of oil and Biden’s position in favor of limiting climate change and turning to clean energy sources and because of other challenges that Biden sees as a direct threat to the interests And the position and position of the United States in the world.
The following are Biden’s positions on the most important Middle East issues:
1- The Palestinian issue
Biden said last May that he supports resolving the Palestinian issue on the basis of two states when he said: In order to achieve Palestinian-Israeli peace, it is necessary for the United States to return to dialogue with the Palestinian side and seek with Israel and urge it not to take any steps that undermine the possibility of establishing The two states. I will reopen the US consulate in East Jerusalem and the Palestine Liberation Organization representative office in Washington, and resume the security and economic assistance to the Palestinians that were stopped by the Trump administration. “
Biden believes that the steps taken by Trump undermine the principle of a two-state solution and will reconsider all the steps taken by the Trump administration, except for the issue of moving the embassy to Jerusalem. According to the Jerusalem Post, Biden will acknowledge the demands of the Palestinian side with regard to Jerusalem.
The obstacles and obstacles that Biden will face in implementing his vision regarding the Palestinian-Israeli conflict will not come from the Palestinian side, which may see that Biden’s presence in the White House is an opportunity to obtain some of the rights of the Palestinian people before other Arab countries rush to sign peace and normalization treaties with Israel. The main obstacle will be the right-wing Israeli government led by Benjamin Netanyahu, who enjoys close relations at all levels with Trump and the surrounding circle. This enabled him to obtain all the demands he wanted from the White House regarding the Palestinian issue, the Iranian file and other issues.
The Iranian nuclear file
Netanyahu did everything in his power to thwart the agreement reached between Iran and the international community after years of arduous negotiations, and reached him to deliver an emotional speech before the US Senate in which he spoke about the dangers of agreeing on the existence of Israel, according to his opinion.
Netanyahu was not the only one who worked tirelessly to undermine the 2015 deal, but he was the most vocal in the anti-deal alliance that includes the hawks of the Republican Party in the United States as well as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Exit from the agreement was one of Trump’s most prominent pledges during his election campaign, which guaranteed him the support of pro-Israeli political circles in the United States, such as AIPAC, and he was one of the biggest donors to his campaign, the tycoon of the world of gambling. Sheldon Adelson He is close to Netanyahu and owner of the daily Israel Al-Youm, which is considered Netanyahu’s mouthpiece.
Trump has kept his pledge and has even reimposed US sanctions on Iran, expanding these sanctions to almost all areas.
Biden describes former US President Barack Obama, who worked as a departed for him for 8 years whenever he was referred to, as my friend Barack, and the Iran nuclear agreement is considered one of Obamas most important achievements on the international level. Biden said in this regard that if Iran abides by its obligations stipulated in the agreement, the United States will return to work in the agreement alongside the Europeans and other international parties.
But will Tehran return to implementing the agreement free of charge, as Iran believes that it did not obtain the economic benefits it aspired to after the international sanctions were lifted? In addition, the Iranian presidential elections that take place in the middle of next year may witness the return of the hard-line movement to control the presidency after it tightened its control of parliament in the last elections.
During the past few years, the regional powers that were revolving in the orbit of the United States have become more daring in taking steps or launching military operations without consulting with the United States, and sometimes in defiance of its will, such as the Turkish military operation in northern Syria last year and the Emirati support for Khalifa Haftar in Libya in violation of decisions United Nations without any consequences.
This coincided with the decline of the American role in the region, which began during the Obama era and accelerated during the Trump era.
Saudi oil installations were attacked by drones and missiles last year, and oil tankers in the Gulf were attacked and sabotaged in the middle of last year. It is widely believed that Iran is behind these attacks.
These developments left great scars in the United States’ credibility in committing to the security of its allies and left strong doubts about Washington’s ability to play a leadership role in solving regional crises such as the one between Qatar, the UAE and Saudi Arabia, where the Trump administration failed to resolve it.
Iran will not return to the negotiating table without obtaining a price for that, and the American position has become weaker than it was in 2015, as relations between Washington, Russia and China are very poor and they will certainly not stand by Washington in its endeavor to bind Iran to the terms of the agreement that it violated before Tehran.
The US military presence in the region
Trump and Biden agree on the US military presence in the region It should be reduced to the lowest possible degree, and in case of need, there should be between one and five to two thousand soldiers from the Special Forces to work with local partners to confront terrorist groups such as the Islamic State in both Syria and Iraq.
Biden said in an interview with the US Army magazine Stars and Stripes (Stars and Stripes) that the era of infinite wars must end, and said, “These endless wars must end. I support the reduction of troops abroad, but we must not lose sight of the issue of terrorism and the Islamic State.” “.
It is noteworthy that the United States reduced the number of its forces in Iraq to 3 thousand soldiers by the end of last September, while the number in Afghanistan will be reduced from 8,600 soldiers to 4,500 by the end of next November.
Biden described the situation in the countries where the American forces are deployed, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan as complicated and he cannot pledge to completely withdraw American forces from them in the near future.
Biden believes that the mission of US forces should be confined to helping local partners confront organizations and groups that could threaten the interests of the United States and its partners, and that it should not play any political role in these countries. In Syria, for example, the mission of these forces should be limited to confronting the remnants of the Islamic State, reducing the intensity of violence, and reaching a political settlement to the Syrian crisis.
It is reported that Biden and Obama refused to send American forces to Syria and were among those opposed to providing financial and military support to the Syrian opposition.
At the height of the war in Syria in 2014, Biden said when he was Obamas deputy, “There is no moderate opposition in the Syrian civil war and Americas partners in the region have exacerbated the situation in Syria by sending money and weapons to extremist groups on the ground. They are determined to topple Assad at all costs and fight.” A Sunni-Shiite proxy war there. “
Biden also pledged to end US support for the Saudi war in Yemen, which has so far killed about 90,000 people and caused the worst humanitarian crisis in the twenty-first century.
Biden said in a statement published on his campaign website on the fifth of this month: “Under the Biden Harris administration, we will reassess our relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and end American support for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabias war in Yemen, and make sure that America does not back down from its values of selling weapons or buying oil.” He stressed that he would make Saudi Arabia pay the price for the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi and would deal with it as a pariah state.