Diabetes is a chronic disorder characterized by a persistently high blood glucose concentration due to impaired secretion of the hormone insulin, insulin resistance, or both with changing lifestyles and increasing obesity, the prevalence of diabetes has increased worldwide, proving to be a global public health burden. For a newspaper report time now news Individuals with diabetes or at higher risk are advised by experts to make lifestyle changes, including eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.
Diet plays a pivotal role in diabetes care and management. Making healthy food choices along with physical activity can help you avoid weight gain or maintain weight loss, which may help diabetics better control blood sugar levels..
Nutritional advice to keep your weight and blood sugar under control
Track your carbohydrate intake: Monitoring carbohydrate intake is absolutely essential in managing blood sugar when choosing foods that contain carbohydrates. Choose foods rich in nutrients and rich in fiber such as whole grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables and low-fat milk instead of processed foods that contain fat, sugar and sodium. Carbohydrates also feel full for 3-4 hours after eating, this helps prevent unhealthy snacks in between and thus reduce your total caloric intake.
It is not recommended to eat simple carbohydrates in the form of sugars, sweets, candy, and sugar-sweetened beverages such as soft drinks, fruit juice concentrates, and high-fructose corn syrup..
Eating protein: Including high-protein foods in your diet helps satisfy hunger without significantly affecting blood sugar levels. A high-protein diet can also help you build lean muscle and lose weight by keeping you feeling satisfied and preventing overeating..
Choosing good fats: The type of fat consumed is more important than total fat because diabetes is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids should replace foods high in saturated and trans fats to prevent heart disease, which is common Among diabetics, it is recommended to include vegetable oils when cooking instead of butter, cream, margarine, or other animal fats.Eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as flaxseeds and chia seeds and fish such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel can act as heart protection..
Do not miss meals: It is not recommended to skip meals in diabetes because it can lower blood sugar levels. After taking medication or insulin, skipping meals or delaying eating can lead to hypoglycemia, so keeping discipline at mealtimes is very important. Skipping can also lead to weight gain or make weight loss more difficult because It causes your metabolism to slow down.
Part Control Exercise: Quantity control is emphasized in better weight management as well as sugar. It is recommended to eat three small to medium meals with two healthy snacks in between. Your healthy snacks can be seasonal or local fruits, vegan salads with boiled or ground nuts or legumes, boiled egg whites, soup, or yogurt.