A study warned that bottle manufacturing consumes a lot of energy and resources, making them four times worse than plastic bottles, as researchers from Southampton worked to assess the impact of different types of beverage packaging, including plastic bottles, aluminum cans, and milk cans..
According to the British newspaper “Daily Mail”, the study found that plastic bottles are definitely harmful to the environment, as their manufacture requires large amounts of energy, as they last long after disposal and have the ability to decompose and spread as plastic particles believed to be harmful to health, however, The overall impact of glass containers is worse once the energy footprint and damage from resource extraction are taken into account.
Also, bottles are often discarded after one use nowadays, they said, although they can be reused 12 to 20 times..
The team concluded that the most environmentally friendly beverage containers are milk and juice cans and pain cans. 100% NEOM. “An enormous amount of energy is needed to heat up the raw materials to make glass,” said paper researcher and environmental scientist Alice Brock from the University of Southampton.
“As the raw materials for the glass melt, gaseous pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide can be released,” Brooke added. “Since glass requires mining materials to produce silica sand, soda ash, and dolomite, this has all the environmental impacts associated with mining..”
Dr Brooke explained that these include land degradation, dust emission and the risk of mining runoff that pollutes water sources, and moreover, extracting silica sand can lead to silicosis, an occupational health disease in which inhalation of crystalline silica dust causes inflammation. Scarring of lung tissue, which is a permanent disease with no treatment.