Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, but scientists are not sure how it began, who is most likely to have it or how to better manage it, despite great advances in treatment in the past three decades, there is no treatment available for it yet, Crohn’s disease occurs most commonly in the small intestine and colon. It can affect any part of the digestive system, from the mouth to the anus. It can involve some parts of the digestive system and skip others..
Wolfa Lucker Expected webmedSymptoms vary and can change over time. In severe cases, the disease can lead to attacks and life-threatening complications.
Causes of Crohn’s disease
The causes of Crohn’s disease are not clear, however, the most important of which are the following factors immune systemGenetics, and the surrounding environment, and some things can affect the severity of symptoms, most notably smoking, age, and the length of the disease.
People with Crohn’s disease are also more likely to have an intestinal infection from bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. This can affect the severity of symptoms and cause complications. Crohn’s disease and its treatments can also affect the immune system, making these types of infections worse..
Yeast infections are common in Crohn’s and can affect the lungs and intestinal tract. It is important that this infection be diagnosed and properly treated with anti-fungal medication to prevent further complications..
Symptoms of Crohn’s disease
Crohn’s disease symptoms gradually develop. Certain symptoms may also worsen over time, although they may occur. However, it is rare for symptoms to appear suddenly and normally. Early symptoms of Crohn’s disease may include the following::
Diarrhea, stomach ache, blood in the stool, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, feeling as if the bowel was not empty after a bowel movement, feeling the need for frequent bowel movements, these symptoms can sometimes be confused with symptoms of another condition, such as food poisoning Stomach upset or allergies should see your doctor if any of these symptoms persist.
Symptoms may become more severe as the disease progresses. Alarming symptoms may include:
Perianal fistula, ulcers that may occur anywhere from the mouth to the anus, joint and skin inflammation, shortness of breath or reduced ability to exercise due to anemia, early detection and diagnosis can help you avoid severe complications and allow you to start treatment early.
Crohn’s disease diagnostic methods
Blood tests can help your doctor search for specific indications of potential problems, such as anemia and infections, as well as a stool test to detect blood in the digestive system, an endoscopy to get a better picture of the interior of the upper digestive system, colonoscopy to examine the large intestine, biopsy. From tissue or biopsy, taken during an endoscopy or colonoscopy to get a closer look at the bowel tissue.
Crohn’s disease treatment methods
Treatment for Crohn’s disease is not currently available, but the disease can be managed well. There are a variety of treatment options that can reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms..
Several types of drugs are available to treat Crohn’s disease. Anti-diarrhea and anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used. More advanced options include biologics, which use the body’s immune system to treat disease..