British researchers have found that consuming citrus fruits, especially oranges, can increase the risk of skin cancer by more than half compared to those who do not consume them.
By looking at the relationship between citrus consumption and skin cancer, and taking into account a number of factors already known to be risk factors for disease, such as age and having fair skin, the study found that those who ate more than one serving of fruit regularly were more likely to develop the disease. 79%, compared to those who do not initiate it.
Citrus fruits contain a substance called psoralen, which makes the skin sensitive to sunlight, which causes cancer.
It was found that people who consumed more citrus fruits, especially oranges and orange juice, were more likely to develop a deadly skin cancer.
The British Association of Dermatologists (BAD) said that people with a family history of skin cancer may be advised to avoid fruit juice in the future.
The association’s spokeswoman, Harriet Dalwood, explained: “Citrus fruits, especially oranges and orange juice, are widely consumed in the UK. Fruit juice consumption is increasing year-on-year. This research could better help medical professionals in counseling patients who already have factors. Fixed risk such as a family history of skin cancer to reduce citrus intake. “
The research, from Indiana University and published by the British Association of Dermatologists, found that those who drank more than one cup of orange juice per day had a 54% increased risk of developing skin cancer.
And those who ate more than one orange a day had a 79% increased risk.
Lead researcher Dr. Andrew Marley said: “This research indicates a significant increase in the risk of skin cancer associated with an increased intake of citrus fruits.”
What are the warning signs?
The most common sign of skin cancer is a change in a mole, freckle, or normal patch of skin.
It is important that you know your skin and how it looks naturally in order to notice any unusual or persistent changes.
You can use a mirror, or ask your partner or friend to check areas of your skin that you cannot see.
There are five things to look for when it comes to moles:
If a new or existing spot begins to change shape, it could be a sign of skin cancer.
It may grow suddenly, or change over time, but if it is asymmetric it is a good idea to have it examined by a GP.
Spots that have irregular borders, in freckles or moles, may be a warning sign of skin cancer.
Many cancerous moles have different colors inside them. Or, an existing mole may get darker.
If you have a spot of different colors, or the mole starts to get darker, speak to your doctor immediately.
At this point, you will be looking for a mole that is starting to grow. You may not notice it at first, but after a while you may notice that it is larger than it started.
Any mole that grows in size should be examined by a general practitioner immediately.
Most freckles and moles tend to be flat against the skin. If one of them rises suddenly, this is a sign of skin cancer.
And if you have a mole that is naturally raised on your skin, this does not mean that it will not develop cancer at all, so watch it as well.
A change in a mole, freckle, or normal patch of skin is a common sign of skin cancer, but there are also other signs that you should pay attention to, including the emergence of a new lump or sore that does not heal, or a spot, mole or sore that causes itching or pain.
If you notice any of these signs, see your doctor.
Safety from the sun
“While some may think a tan is a sign of good health, there is no such thing as a healthy brown, because your body is, in fact, trying to protect itself from harmful rays,” said Michael Mitchell, chief executive of Cancer Research UK.
Karis Bates, Director of Health Information at Cancer Research UK, said:
“It is important for people to properly protect themselves both at home and outside when the sun is strong. We want to encourage people to adopt their natural look and protect their skin from UV damage by seeking shade, coverage and using sunscreen regularly.”
Source: The Sun