Researchers from the National Institute of Technology in India, University of “Hokkaido” in Japan, They measured electrical disturbances in the ionosphere, and found that the eruption was similar to the effect of many volcanic eruptions.
“We found that the explosion led to the creation of a wave that moved across the ionosphere towards the south, at a speed of about 0.8 kilometers per second,” says Kosuke Hiki, an Earth and Planetary scientist from Hokkaido University.
The ionosphere is above the surface of the Earth by about 50 kilometers, and extends into space hundreds of kilometers, and is characterized by large numbers of free electrons that are released from gas molecules by solar radiation.
The researchers compared the effect of the Beirut explosion on the ionosphere with what was left by the recent volcanic eruptions in Japan, and found that they are comparable to some extent. The Beirut explosion was more effective than the 2004 eruption of the “Asama” volcano in central Japan.
In addition to this dangerous climatic impact of the explosion, the social and economic backbone of the Lebanese capital Beirut was paralyzed by this deadly explosion on August 4, 2020, which occurred in a warehouse in the port, where more than 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate (equivalent to 1.1 kilotons of material) were stored. Explosive) without proper safety measures.
The explosion killed 200 people, injured 6,500, and displaced 300,000 people, as well as damage to collective property ranging between 10 and 15 billion USD.