An international team that includes researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, USA, suggested to NASA that a device should be placed on the surface of the moon to record its tremors, including tremors caused by cosmic gravitational waves, and scientists published their suggestions in this regard in The Asstriphisical Journal of Astronomical Sciences.
According to the Russian “RT” website, it is reported that the first gravitational waves were recorded years ago during the collision of space objects such as black holes or neutron stars.
But monitoring it requires the use of ultra-sensitive telescopes that are difficult for them to capture gravitational waves from the surface of the Earth and even from its orbit, as the Earth’s atmosphere distorts signals coming from far space, so scientists suggested making the moon a tool to detect gravitational waves and benefit from its response to the effect of those waves.
The aforementioned project was initiated by Professor Jan Harms, who headed the team of 80 scientists representing Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland and Britain, who decided to present the “Lunar Gravitational Waves Antenna” (LGWA) project to NASA.
The idea of detecting gravitational waves on the moon is not new, as it was proposed in the early 1970s by the American physicist, Joseph Weber, who invented the lunar seismometer and the American Apollo – 17 mission personnel placed it on the surface of the moon in order to discover the resulting lunar shocks On the effect of cosmic gravitational waves. But the experiment ended in failure.
Researchers today hope that the new technologies and favorable conditions that have formed at the south pole of the moon will make their way towards revolutionary discoveries that allow the recording of signals from cosmic systems made up of black holes and white dwarves.
However, the sensors for lunar tremors invented by scientists at the University of Liege in Belgium can help scientists to obtain more information about the components of the moon’s interior and the history of its emergence.