On Tuesday, international donors pledged $ 6.4 billion in humanitarian aid to Syrians who have fled the decade-long conflict in Syria.
The United Nations was hoping to raise an amount of 10 billion dollars at the Fifth Brussels Conference on Syria, which was held by video link on March 29-30.
The Commissioner for Crisis Management of the European Union, Janez Linarkic, said that countries have pledged $ 4.4 billion for 2021 and $ 2 billion for 2022 and beyond.
Donors have offered 7 billion in loans.
International aid organizations operating in Syria condemned the shortage of sums pledged by more than 50 donor countries immediately, at the Brussels conference hosted by the European Union and the United Nations.
The director of Oxfam Syria, Moataz Adham, said in a statement that the funds pledged by the donors confirm that they do not listen to the calls of millions of Syrians who have fled their homes and whose lives have been torn apart by ten years of conflict.
“This funding sends a dark message to those trying to find a future after ten years of darkness and despair,” he added.
About 24 million people need basic aid in Syria and the surrounding countries, an increase of 4 million from last year.
This is the highest number of people needing aid so far, since the outbreak of the devastating war in Syria, following the suppression of pro-democracy demonstrators in 2011.
The need for aid increased due to the Coronavirus epidemic, and the devaluation of the Syrian pound.
This comes despite the reduction in fighting in Syria after President Bashar al-Assad’s Russian-backed forces regained control of most of the country.
Syrias neighbors, including Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, face special economic problems and struggle to shoulder the burden of hosting large numbers of refugees.
“Things are getting worse, more than 13 million people need humanitarian aid to survive this year,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
Reducing UK aid
Germany, the main donor, led the way this time by pledging to contribute 1.74 billion euros (about 2 billion dollars), surpassing the United States with 600 million dollars.
“The Syrian tragedy should not continue for another 10 years,” said German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas.
Brussels said $ 4.3 billion of the total money donated came from the European Union.
The union, which fears a failure to help refugees in the Middle East will lead to them coming to Europe, says it has provided nearly $ 29 billion since 2011.
But some prominent donors, such as Britain, have cut their contributions from last year.
London cut its initial pledge by more than 30 percent to about $ 280 million, after the British government slashed aid spending overall.