Scientists discover water oceans above Saturn’s moon Enceladus

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Scientists at the California Institute of Technology have discovered a possible presence of salt water springs on the surface of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, and the discovery, which was captured by the Cassini spacecraft, indicates the existence of a hidden water ocean below the icy surface of the moon Enceladus of Saturn, according to the agency reported. Sputnik, from the Russian Science Daily magazine.

Research has shown a difference between this ocean and terrestrial water bodies, as it is located under an ice crust with a depth of 20 kilometers. On the other hand, scientists pointed out that there is a common factor between the oceans on Earth and Enceladus, represented in the strong currents in addition to the salinity of the water, indicating the presence of fluctuations in levels Salt can affect water currents.

Saturn's moon Enceladus
Saturn’s moon Enceladus

Scientists confirmed that the ice at the poles of the moon is thin, while it becomes thick and solid at the equator, pointing out that melting processes occur in the poles region, and one of the research participants said: “When salt water freezes, it releases salts and the liquid becomes heavier, and vice versa Melting zones. “

He continued: “The freezing and thawing areas are linked to the ocean currents, and this would create blood circulation from the pole to the equator, which affects the distribution of heat and nutrients.” The scientists stressed that the exploration of the oceans contributes to the search for other forms of life outside the planet.



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