Monday 22nd March 2021
Books – Ahmed Massad:
On the occasion of the celebration of the World Water Day, Dr. Mohamed Abdel Aty, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, said that the water sector faces many challenges, whether at the global or local level, such as climate change, population increase, development work and the resulting increase in water demand.
Dr. Abdel-Aty stressed that the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and its impact on the waters of the Nile River is one of the major challenges facing Egypt today, especially in light of the unilateral measures taken by the Ethiopian side with regard to filling and operating the Renaissance Dam, and the negative repercussions resulting from these unilateral measures will not have huge negative repercussions. Accepted by the Egyptian state.
Abdel-Ati explained that these challenges require strenuous efforts to confront them, whether at the societal level through the citizens’ awareness of the importance of rationalizing and preserving water from all forms of waste and pollution, or at the governmental level through the implementation of many major projects that the state is implementing or through legislative development. And represented in the new draft law on water resources and irrigation, which was submitted by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation and is currently being discussed in the House of Representatives, and aims to improve the development and management of water resources and achieve fair distribution to all uses and beneficiaries, and to protect water resources and the waterways network from all forms of encroachment.
On March 22 of each year, the world celebrates the International Water Day with the aim of increasing global awareness of water issues, encouraging countries of the world to take the necessary measures to face the growing challenges facing the water sector, and maximizing cooperation between riparian countries on transboundary rivers.
On the level of continuous measures to preserve the Nile River from pollution in cooperation with NGOs and citizens .. A ceremony is being held today, organized by the Very Nile Initiative, to launch the first boat to clean the Nile water from waste in cooperation with the people of Qorsaya Island in Giza Governorate and the Ministries of Irrigation and Environment, through a project aimed at establishing Fishermen on the island collect waste from the Nile River, provided that they are financially compensated through the initiative.
Within the framework of working on updating the previous manual device that was created with the knowledge of the engineers of the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation to measure the degree of soil moisture .. Dr. Abdel-Ati met with representatives of the electronics factory of the Arab Organization for Industrialization, where he witnessed a pilot demonstration of the intelligent control unit in the irrigation process, to include In addition to measuring the degree of soil moisture on measuring soil temperature, and sending these measurements in text messages to the farmer’s phone, in addition to the possibility of controlling the irrigation machines automatically or manually based on the measured data, and the self-examination of the smart control unit to indicate the battery status by sending a warning message in the event of a decrease The efficiency of the battery to ensure the continuity of the device’s work, away from human intervention.
This unit works by using solar panels to charge its battery, within the framework of the state’s keenness to expand the use of clean and renewable energy. The unit can also be programmed to send (3) text messages to (3) users through a mobile programming unit or by sending a text message. From farms to unit.
These efforts come within the framework of the Ministry’s endeavor to expand reliance on “digitization” in irrigation of crops through electronic management of lands far from human intervention, to measure the amount of water used in irrigation, the degree of humidity and temperature, the amount of pesticides that must be used, and so on, through devices and sensors. It records everything the plant needs, and electronically translates the plants’ needs.
It is noteworthy that the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation has contracted with the Arab Organization for Industrialization to produce 3500 manual devices for measuring the degree of soil moisture for distribution to farmers, as part of the Ministry’s activities aimed at rationalizing water use by expanding the transformation of modern irrigation systems, within an integrated system that also aims to rehabilitate canals And the mesqa to preserve every drop of water.
On the level of major national projects aimed at rationalizing water use and maximizing the return from the water unit .. The Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation is currently implementing the national project for the rehabilitation of canals, which aims to improve the process of managing and distributing water, and delivering water to the ends of tired canals, in addition to tangible economic, social, cultural and environmental returns. The Ministry is also working on the national project to convert from flood irrigation to modern irrigation systems by encouraging farmers to make this transformation, as these systems represent a clear importance in rationalizing water consumption.
It is worth noting that the rehabilitation of canals of lengths up to 1277 km in the various governorates of the Republic have been completed, and work is underway to implement another 4417 km, and funds have been provided to rehabilitate canals with lengths of up to 1351 km in preparation for offering them to the contractors, bringing the total lengths of canals covered by the project. 7045 kilometers to date, which exceeds the 7,000 kilometers targeted for rehabilitation during the first phase, which will end by mid-2022, at a total cost estimated at 18 billion pounds.
The total reins in which irrigation systems were converted from flood irrigation to modern irrigation systems reached an area of approximately 237 thousand feddans, in addition to submitting requests from farmers to convert to modern irrigation systems with control of up to 68 thousand feddans, which reflects the growing awareness among farmers of the importance of using these systems. And its direct positive impact represented in maximizing crop productivity, improving its quality, and reducing operating costs through the effective use of labor, energy and fertilizers, which is reflected in the increase in farm profitability.