The United Nations called on Turkey to reverse the decision to withdraw from the Istanbul Convention on women’s rights and protection from violence, so what are the Turkish complaints about it? What are the items that prompted them to withdraw from it?
On March 20, Turkey announced its unilateral withdrawal from the European Council Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, also known as the “Istanbul Agreement”.
A statement by the Turkish presidency explained the step in a procedural manner by saying that Article 80 of the European Council Agreement on Stopping and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence allows its parties to withdraw, by informing the European Council.
Objectively speaking, the statement criticized the Istanbul agreement, saying that it was initially aimed at encouraging the promotion of women’s rights, “but it was manipulated by a group trying to normalize homosexuality that contradicts Turkey’s social and family values.”
The statement stressed that Turkey’s decision to withdraw from this agreement is based on the above-mentioned reason.
The Turkish presidency statement supported the position of the country’s authorities, saying that “6 member states of the European Union, namely Bulgaria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia, have not ratified (so far) this agreement.”
The Turkish official statement also noted that “Poland has taken steps to withdraw from the agreement, citing the attempt by gay groups to impose their ideas about social gender on society as a whole.”
It is noteworthy that Turkey was the first country to “ratify” this agreement, which was concluded in 2011, and that was the following year, while the agreement entered into force in 2014.
To find out why the Turks abandoned the agreement and withdrew from it, we review some of its provisions, and it says, for example: “The term (domestic violence) refers to all acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur within the family or in the home or between the spouses or the two ex-spouses. The term (gender) refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities and specializations that a particular society considers appropriate for women and men, and the term (gender-based violence against women) refers to all violence It is practiced against women because she is a woman, or it affects women in a disproportionate manner, and the term (victim) refers to every natural person subject to the actions specified in points (a) and (b); and the term (woman) includes girls under the age of eighteen. ”
The main reason for the Turks’ rejection of the Istanbul Convention may be what is stated in the following clause: “The activation of the provisions of this agreement must be secured by the parties, especially through measures aimed at protecting the rights of victims, without any discrimination, especially discrimination based on sex, gender, race or color. Or language, religion, political opinions, other opinions, national or social origins, belonging to a national minority, wealth, birth, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, health status, disability, marital status, immigrant status, or Refugee, or any other status. ”
This convention also states on the words of its parties that it “takes care not to consider culture, customs, religion, traditions or (honor) as a justification for acts of violence covered by the scope of application of this convention.”