A study of the history of the emergence of deep valleys in the Arctic of Mars showed that the Red Planet experienced a rapid climate change 50 thousand years ago, and the American magazine Sciantofic Reports published an article in this regard.
One of the study’s authors, senior researcher at the Planetary Institute in Tucson, USA, Alexis Rodrigues, said, “The theoretical scientists consider that the layers of ice in the mid-latitudes of Mars formed after the melting of its polar caps at a time when the axis of the planet was tilted, and that process left effects, namely Deep valleys in the north pole of Mars. “
He recalled that the poles of Mars are covered by the two large ice caps that differ from the two caps on Earth in terms of their structure and dimensions, and are composed of frozen water and carbon dioxide gas, and the latter was only present in the Antarctic, and its quantity can be compared to the size of the gas envelope of Mars.
With regard to the north pole of the red planet, it is split by a large number of huge valleys, several kilometers deep and tens of kilometers long, and they form a spiral-shaped structure whose nature remains a mystery to planetary scientists.
But Alexis Rodrigues, believes that he has solved this mystery, and the scientist and his colleagues consider that the spiral decorations of the valleys appeared 50 thousand years ago when the tilt of the axis of Mars changed, to the melting of some parts of his northern hat directed towards its equatorial line by the influence of sunlight.
The world believes that this phenomenon has become possible as a result of climate change and the rise in temperature in the Arctic of Mars.
And that the subsequent study of deep valleys and ice sheets in the Arctic of Mars will allow scientists to follow the changes in the climate of the Red Planet, and will allow the discovery of sources of water there.