Al-Hajjah Al-Hamdaoui … the artist of kings and the icon of Aita in Morocco


وشدت Hamdaoui need The golden glory of the Moroccan song, its voice rang out loud before and after independence, and it lived through the reigns of King Mohammed V, Hassan II and Mohammed VI, and sang before kings and princesses in theaters and palaces.

ةةةة Folk art Al-Maghrabi, at the age of ninety-one, after a long struggle with illness, was admitted a few days ago in the intensive care unit in a hospital in the capital, Rabat, according to her family.

The beginning of the father of the arts

The deceased, whose real name was Hajia El Hamdaouia, was born in 1930 and raised in Casablanca, and her father was a fan of the art of Aita, and he used to summon the teams of sheikhs and sheikhs (Eita artists) in family events and weddings in their home in the popular neighborhood of Marsa Sultan.

Hajjah al-Hamdaoui began her artistic career from the theater when she joined the band of the artist Bouchaib Al-Baidaoui, accompanied by a number of balanced names, before the latter discovered the vocal material possessed by the late and her unique potential in singing, especially in the art of Aita, which has turned since the 1960s into a pioneer Pioneers in Morocco, West, sunset.

Since then the Hamdaoui need has been able to imprint its own stamp on this popular lyrical color, and to preserve its heritage words with a modern distribution, as its songs have gained wide fame, and have enjoyed great popularity in Morocco, and her brilliance led her to make artistic tours in various countries of the world, to spread the art of Eita. And to meet individuals The Moroccan community Abroad.

The deceased left behind Ribertwara, a folk rich in the Moroccan art of Aita, and among her most successful songs were (Daba Yigi), (Menen I and Menen You), (Ash Ja Yadar), (Hazzo Bina for Allam), (Mama Hayani), (The Cup is sweet), and the list. A long period of artistic productions that have remained firm, and have been repeated by successive generations.

Resistance artist

And I knew the artist Al-Hamdawiya during a period colonization The Frenchman resisted the foreign presence in Morocco through art and word, and her songs carried encrypted messages and suggestions against the colonizer, which was not applauded by the French protection authority at the time, and her art led her to police stations for investigation on many occasions about the content of the songs she released.

Among the artworks that were behind the arrest of Hajjah al-Hamdaoui and her imprisonment was a song whose words read: “Ash, Jap Lina, even Plitina Al-Shaibani… Ash, brought us to our Kuwait, A Al-Shaibani… The protection authorities say that their content is directed to Ibn Arafa, who was appointed to the position of Sultan to succeed the exiled legitimate sultan at the time, Muhammad V.

The constriction that Al-Hamdawiya suffered during the fifties on one side Protection Powers, He pushed her to run and hide in France, Before deciding to return to Morocco after independence, to turn after that into the favorite singer for most segments of Moroccan society.

And the denominator is allowed in Paris For the trip, she got to know a large number of Moroccan and foreign artists, and upon her return to Morocco, Hamdaouia climbed the ladder of success to reach the top, where she sang at the joys of the royal family and in front of senior generals and politicians, and was the most wanted artist in popular festivals.

Testimonials on the right of Aita Icon

The deceased and many artists who lived her career had a strong relationship that extended to a generation of young artists from among popular art singers who honed their talents using her immortal songs and unique performance techniques.

The popular artist, Haji Abdel-Moghith, told Sky News Arabia that Morocco today has lost a great pyramid that inspired many artists who kept chanting its established songs on all occasions.

The popular artist explains that “the deceased preserved the traditional words, and at the same time she added her own touch to Aitas art, introduced a new musical distribution to it, and added other musical instruments, to be the first artist Aita to sing with an orchestra, and thus establish her own school.”

As for the artist Khaled Al-Bou Azzawi, who visited Al-Hajjah Al-Hamdaouia in a hospital LigamentThe day before her death, he considers the late “a singing case that does not recur, with her contemporaries for three generations and her brilliance on the artistic scene up to a time close to the date of her death.”

The artist, who had a strong friendship with him and his brothers in the “Awlad Al-Bouazawi” group, said in a statement to “Sky News Arabia”: “Despite her advanced age, she still enjoys singing ability and an exceptional vocal quality that distinguishes her from other artists.”

The artist specializing in Aita, who had previously collected artistic cooperation with the deceased, continues that the latter was known for her cheerful personality and lived for the sake of art, and she was a great love for her audience, who reciprocated her and received all the respect and appreciation from him.

For her part, the artist, Khadija Al-Baidaouia, recalls the memories that she gathered with her late friend, saying: “El Hajja did not overcome her tears in the first meeting between me and her while listening to my performance of a clip of one of her famous songs, to express automatically to me her admiration for my voice and my performance.”

Al-Baidaia, the brilliant name in the field of Aitas art in Morocco, confirms to “Sky News Arabia” that everyone who lived through the deceased, whether from near or far, is surprised by a woman who is extremely humble, despite her position, history and what she has provided to Moroccan art, and discovers the extent of her love for people, and her generosity that led her. To provide support and assistance to artists of the younger generation.

The decision to retire

The late woman, who lived a life of poverty and wealth, and supported her large family, was not thinking of retiring from singing except in the summer of last year when she decided to give her list of songs and artistic legacy exclusively to the rising artist such as Zeina Aouita.

As she announced during a press conference with the young artist about her decision to retire and sign a contract according to which no other artist is entitled to dispose of her songs without referring to the rising artist and obtaining her approval.

The last work of Haram Al-Aitas art in her long career was “Duo”, which he collected with the artist, Kuzina Aouita, and was titled “Hadiya al-Bahr,” and it was filmed in the manner of a video clip.


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