That is why China and Russia want to build a base on the moon

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Roscosmos and the China National Space Administration (CNSA) recently agreed to establish lunar sites on the moon and in orbit. The announcement comes as Russia prepares to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Yuri Night – the start of human spaceflight, according to TheNextWeb.

Roscosmos arose in 1991 from the dissolved Soviet space program, the Soviet Space Agency accomplished a number of first steps, including launching the first satellite, as well as launching the first man and woman into space.

In 1971, the USSR launched Salyut 1, its first space station, into Earth orbit.

The Soviet Union also played important roles in the development of the International Space Station as that outpost shifted from Ronald Reagan’s original vision of an all-American space station Freedom.

On February 10, the Tianwen-1 spacecraft reached Mars.

Designed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), this was the first mission to reach Mars with an orbiter, lander and vehicle (although the probe and the portable rover have yet to land on Mars). In December, a robotic mission from China collected samples from the moon and brought them back to Earth for analysis. It was the first time that this had been achieved in 40 years.

“In the framework of establishing ILRS, China and Russia will use their experience in space science, research and development, and use of space equipment and technology to formulate a joint roadmap for building ILRS and carry out close cooperation in planning, presentation, design, development, implementation and operation of ILRS, including promotion of the project to international space communities,” CNSA reports .

Space agencies in each nation released statements welcoming the evolution and shared their views on what might be the first massive structure to be built in the moon’s orbit.

Each country commits to combining its rich experience in space science and research, using space technology to explore Mars, and developing an international station on the moon for scientific research.

Both countries will participate in the planning, implementation, design, development and operation of the research station.

“China and Russia are using joint expertise and scientific technologies to create a roadmap to build an international research station on the moon,” CNSA said in a statement posted on WeChat.

On April 12, the world will celebrate Yuri Night – the 60th anniversary of human spaceflight, as well as the 40th anniversary of the space shuttle’s first flight.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has lagged behind the United States and China in exploring the Moon and Mars, and the nation has sought to regain a leadership role in space exploration.

“China and Russia are using joint expertise and scientific technologies to create a roadmap to build an international research station on the moon,” CNSA said in a statement posted on WeChat.

On April 12, the world will celebrate Yuri Night – the 60th anniversary of human spaceflight, as well as the 40th anniversary of the space shuttle’s first flight.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has lagged behind the United States and China in exploring the Moon and Mars, and the nation has sought to regain a leadership role in space exploration.

Why Moon Station?

A lunar station could provide many benefits to global space agencies and the people of those countries. It would be a practical step between our current capabilities and the technologies we would need, one day to colonize Mars.

A permanent lunar outpost can serve as a base for a variety of activities such as observing the sun and other astronomical objects, and studying Earth’s resources, the environment, and other objects in the universe.

Building such an outpost will provide a research and demonstration ground for a variety of important advanced technologies and capabilities including robotics, on-site resource use, resource depots, habitats of deep space units, propulsion in space, optical communication, space additive manufacturing (3D printing), and more.

During Apollo 13, the crew of this turbulent spacecraft captured amazing photos of the moon’s surface as they returned their sights to Earth.

The nature of the moon and its resources, such as the large amounts of water preserved in the eternally shaded craters, make it an ideal base for the subsequent missions of the Moon, Mars, and other planetary activities.

The establishment of an International Lunar Station would indicate an important breakthrough in transportation, high-value extraterrestrial resources, energy, communications, crew habitats, and facilities that would significantly reduce the technical and financial risks for missions outside the moon.

It will give the world’s space programs a clear, timely and rationalized next step that is much needed in human space exploration.

The idea behind the establishment of the Moon Station is to place a permanent human facility on the Moon using proven capabilities and best practices learned from the development and operation of the International Space Station.

The International Space Station provides real evidence of the viability of operations in space for decades. It also demonstrates the ability of many countries to work cooperatively on a very complex and costly project in space over a long period of time to achieve a common goal.

The International Lunar Research Station will be able to support crews of 10 to 30 people, providing shelter, energy, life support, communications, the ability to exit the facility and travel across the lunar surface.

This outpost will be developed primarily through a consortium of public, private, and international shareholders, according to the agreement.

This is not the first time that the two countries have cooperated in space missions. Moscow and Beijing also work together on many other lunar and space exploration projects.

The community living in the International Lunar Research Station will work together to develop and share infrastructure while developing their own capabilities and talents.

Activities will range from scientific research, technology development, resource extraction and processing, to human exploration of the moon and even tourism.

This project will build on the lessons learned from the International Space Station (ISS), built and used by sixteen nations.

While considering the budgets for building and operating the Lunar Station, program managers once again looked at the International Space Station. The initial effort is likely to come from government-funded programs to share costs, and it is beneficial that two of the leading countries in the global economy have agreed to pool their resources together to build this international lunar scientific research station.

ASA plans to return humans to the moon using the Artemis program, a mission currently slated for 2024.

And when the Apollo missions put 12 people on the moon, only the United States and the Soviet Union were the technology capable of carrying out such a mission.

In the coming years, many countries, including China as well as some private companies, will likely have the technology to put people on the moon.

The United States currently spends only half of one percent of the federal budget on science.

NASA’s 2020 budget was only $ 22.6 billion, while the current annual budget for the International Space Station is about $ 3 billion annually. Roscosmos is funded annually to the value of approximately $ 2.8 billion.

China and Russia estimate that maintaining the lunar base will cost nearly $ 2 billion annually. Of this cost, approximately half of this cost will be the transportation costs while financing the remaining loads and operations.

Once the primary plant goes into operation, additional funding from international and private partners is expected.



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