The Renaissance Dam negotiations … Two experts explain the seriousness of Ethiopias rejection of the demands

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03:27 PM

Tuesday 06 April 2021

Books – Ahmed Massad:

The Renaissance Dam negotiations faced a new stumbling block, following the announcement of the failure of the last negotiations in the Congolese capital, Kinshasa, over a period of 3 days, in light of an Egyptian-Sudanese agreement on the quartet mediation proposal that Addis Ababa rejects.
Dr. Mohamed Nasr Allam, the former Minister of Irrigation, said that this round was the last in terms of negotiations under the auspices of the African Union, noting that any extension of time was a final attempt to set the negotiating agenda, in preparation for the start of the main talks.

Allam added, in a special statement he made to Masrawy, that the negotiations stalled, and the Ethiopian intransigence continued to the stage of not agreeing on the negotiating agenda and not on the rules of filling and operating, pointing out that Ethiopia does not find technical problems, but rather they are purely basic goals.
The former Minister of Irrigation indicated that the incompatibility between the three countries will open the door to other paths, adding that the game of wasting time will not succeed again with the downstream countries.
The former Minister of Irrigation indicated that Ethiopia rejected international mediation and therefore does not accept to appear before the International Court … We ask, what are the peaceful options that Ethiopia left to the two downstream countries?

Sameh Shoukry, the Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs, had stated that Egypt had negotiated for 10 years with a sincere political will. In order to reach a fair agreement on the dam, stressing that the negotiations are characterized by seriousness; Because it is the last chance to reach an agreement.

Regarding Khartoum’s position, Maryam Al-Sadiq, the Sudanese Minister of Foreign Affairs, stressed in her speech during the ministerial talks session yesterday that “the previous rounds under the auspices of the African Union headed by South Africa were not feasible, and 200 days of negotiations were wasted, and the result was a reversal even of what had been achieved.” Already and agreed upon in the earlier rounds. “
The official spokesman for the Sudanese Foreign Ministry, Mansour Boulad, said that the stubbornness of the Ethiopian stance obstructed the consensus on a common methodology for the negotiations of the Renaissance Dam, pointing to the existence of divergence and great disagreement over the contents of the joint final statement of the negotiations round held in Kinshasa.
On the other hand, the Ethiopian side did not make any official statements, with the exception of television statements by the Ethiopian Foreign Ministry spokesman Dina Mufti, that Ethiopia rejects international mediation and adheres to the previous negotiation mechanisms, affirming his country’s intention to prepare for the second filling next July.

Dr. Khaled Abu Zeid, regional director of the Cedary Agency and a member of the Arab Water Council, said that Addis Ababa wants to reserve from 13 to 15 billion cubic meters in the second filling process to start generating approximately 30% of the capacity of the Renaissance Dam, in addition to forcing Sudan to protect this Dike to prevent it from sinking so you want to buy time through negotiation.
He pointed out that the technical and legal differences can be bridged, as happened in Washington 2019, except that Addis Ababas adherence to direct negotiations under the umbrella of the African Union and its refusal to disclose the dates of filling, operation and coordination during periods of drought lead everyone into a dead end.
Abu Zaid added, in a special statement he made to Masrawy, that Sudan and Egypt’s request to take refuge in international mediation means that all Cairo’s requests will be answered, but they guarantee the legitimacy of Addis Ababa’s signature to the agreement, which is rejected by Ethiopia because of the hostile political goals it bears for Cairo and Khartoum, explaining that Ethiopia is betting on the current conditions of the three countries and on its strong relationship with the surrounding countries, and some of its allies, in secret.

A member of the Arab Water Council noted the danger of skipping this meeting without signing an agreement.

It is worth noting that Sudan and Egypt adhere to the call to expand international mediation to include America, the European Union and the United Nations as mediators. This is rejected by Addis Ababa and demands that they be observed.





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