The story of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis the Third … How did the Queen defeat her husband’s son?


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A long struggle that ancient Egypt witnessed in the period between 1504 and 1450 BC, between two of the greatest kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty, if the relationship between King Thutmose III and Queen Hatshepsut, his father’s wife, his father’s sister at the same time, is based on the struggle for power and revenge. King Thutmose II dies due to inheriting the throne, which they competed over to the end.

Over the course of 54 BC, the conflicting royal duo could not overcome the differences, or unify the goals, as they did not end the state of mutual conflict between them except the death of one of them first to impose his control comfortably.

It seems that that end was not the true end, as Thutmose III and his stepmother did not know that they might meet again in a majestic world event called Procession of royal mummiesThousands of years later.

The beginning of the conflict

“It seems that this young king was devoted to the love of his father, so he detested Hatshepsut, who used to ignore his father for the duration of his life.” Thus says the historian and researcher in the history of ancient Egyptian civilization, Dr. Selim Hassan in his book Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, describing the nature of the relationship between King Thutmose The third and the queen Hatshepsut That took the deteriorating health of his father as an entry point to control the affairs of the country.

The death of King Tuthmosis the First was the beginning of the beginning, as it was assumed that the heir to the rule was the oldest legitimate son of the king, while the oldest legal son of him was a female called Hatshepsut, which put the ruling in trouble, so the rule must be assumed by a man.

The unsuccessful marriage between King Thutmose I and his sister Hatshepsut was the only solution to get out of this impasse, where he crowned the king of Lower and Qibli, but the matter became more complicated after his death as well, without leaving a legitimate heir to rule, so he only had two daughters from Hatshepsut, the eldest called Nefro Ra ”and the younger“ Merit Ra Hatshepsut ”.

Queen Hatshepsut found herself the mother of the heir to the rule and the head of the royal house, who is not in dispute, but in reality the situation was critical and it was necessary to get out of it in a way that would satisfy her and the Egyptian people. On the other hand, it seemed that King Thutmose II was inclined to assume the throne for his illegitimate son «Thutmose III »He was not at the age of eleven years old when his father passed away.

Thutmose III had already assumed the throne, but given that he had not yet reached the dream, the guardianship of his father’s wife, Queen Hatshepsut, had to be in accordance with the rules of tradition and law.

Hatshepsut tightens her control

“Egypt was working with her head down and she is in charge of the matter.” This is how the affairs of the country were managed during the reign of Thutmose III, who was assumed by Hatshepsut on the ground, and she administered the land according to her views only. “She was the master of the matter.”

“History has not heard of him except on a few occasions,” describes Dr. Salim Hassan, King Thutmose III, who remained isolated during the thirteen years during which he was gone, during which Hatshepsut tightened her plot against power and sat on the throne steadily throughout this period.

Queen Hatshepsut

Thutmose III takes revenge

The Egyptian historian says: “We do not know if this great queen died with her nose or as a result of a revolution launched by a party that supported the young pharaoh to eliminate that woman who was a thorn in his father’s side,” adding, “In any case, then Thutmose III when this disappeared The woman from the Egyptian theater of life, seized the reins of affairs and began to abuse his enemies, who were those who were in the passengers of Hatshepsut or workers in her court.

After Tuthmosis the Third took power, he wanted to prove that he had assumed the throne of Egypt by God and his father, and that what Hatshepsut offered to Egypt was nothing but a usurpation of his rights, and he began to destroy all its monuments and statues all over the country in a “horrific” manner.

Despite the great history of Hatshepsut over the course of her reign, especially the funerary temple known as the Monastery in Hariri, however, Thutmose III never recognized her rule, so that he was writing his own monuments starting from the date of the first year in which he was installed as a legitimate king over the country, which was It is run by that lady who kept Egypt resting for her presence.

King Thutmose III

A meeting was not anticipated

Today, Saturday, April 3, 2020, the two kings are on a date with each other, as they set out together within 22 mummies belonging to a group of the greatest kings of Egypt from the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th families, heading from their place in the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, to their new headquarters in National Museum of Civilization In Fustat, in an event that takes place in full view of the world.

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