A mummy or a skeleton? .. “A pregnant woman” provokes a scientific crisis between the furniture


01:02 AM

Tuesday 04 May 2021


Reactions still continue to the huge scientific and archaeological discovery announced by Polish archaeologists recently, which is the discovery of the first mummified pregnant Egyptian mummy, as this discovery sparked mixed reactions in Egypt and abroad, between Mossadegh for the disclosure and what he denied.

Archaeologists from all over the world turned to the Polish National Museum, after Polish archaeologists announced recently the discovery of the first mummified Egyptian pregnant mummy, which was donated by antiquities dealers to the University of Warsaw in 1826 after it was found in royal tombs in Luxor, and it was believed that it was It belongs to a priest called “Hor Jihoti”, but after more than 95 years, researchers discovered through scanning technology that it was a female mummy placed in the “wrong coffin.”

The first skeptical reactions in the research came from Dr. Zahi Hawass, the famous Egyptologist, who said that the new discovery announced by Egyptologists in Poland is a very natural thing, and not the first case in which a pregnant Egyptian mummy is discovered.

Hawass revealed that the first and oldest case of a “pregnant mummy” was a skeleton of a “dwarf” in the tombs of workers builders of the pyramids, dating back to 4,600 years, explaining that this discovery was in 2010.

He added: “We discovered this mummy in the workers’ graves, and at the time it was the first case of its kind, and therefore the discovery announced by Polish scientists is not new to us.”

For his part, Dr. Ahmed Saleh, the former director of Aswan antiquities, confirmed in private statements to “Masrawy” that Polish scientists are known for their extreme seriousness and rigor in scientific and archaeological research, adding that they have been taught to study this mummy several years ago as part of a scientific project on mummies in general and Egyptian mummies in particular. , Pointing out that he is following them because, as he put it, they are “choppy.”

Salih added: “The discovery of Polish scientists spread in the world press like wildfire, and its corners shook, which prompted some to question it, and we became in front of two groups, one of which claims to be the owner of the first discovery of a pregnant mummy, and I am biased to what was announced by the Warsaw Mummy Project because they are real scientists and do not aim for excitement. The second is that they talk about a mummy and not a skeleton, as the second party talks about, and there is a very big difference between a mummy and a skeleton.

Saleh continued: “The mummy arrived in Poland in 1826 and entered the Warsaw Museum as being of a man of Thebes, and of course the coffin that contained it belonged to a man named Hor Jahouti, but after examining the mummy it became clear that it was a woman between 20 and 30 years old and that inside her stomach there were four wrappers (perhaps for viscera Mummified), and of course the fetus found it inside the woman’s uterus at the age between 26 and 30 weeks.

He continued: “This uproar occurred a number of times in the past years, as was the discovery of the monkey scroll, which some thought was a bright fetus in the 21st family, and the mummies of the fetuses found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, who were girls, and their ages ranged between five and seven months.”

It is worth noting that archaeologists at the National Museum in Warsaw, Poland, announced the unexpected discovery this week, just five years after another major breakthrough was made.

Archaeologists discovered, while examining a 2000-year-old Egyptian mummy, that the mummified woman was pregnant, which surprised scientists.

And according to the “Russia Today” site, scientists believe that the woman was not more than 30 years old when she died, and she was at least in the 28th week of her pregnancy.

The mummy of the first century BC has been in the museum’s collection since 1917, although until 2016 it was believed to be the body of a man.

At that time, X-ray scans and the 3D reconstruction of the mummified body failed to reveal key clues about the identity of the “male organ”.

“The Egyptians embalmed the organ. It is usually well preserved,” said Dr. Marzina Urik-Zelke, an archaeologist at the University of Warsaw and one of the study’s authors.

Instead, subsequent scans revealed a small foot on the woman’s abdomen. And Dr Urik-Zelke immediately realized what this meant.

The mummy was discovered in the nineteenth century and moved to the capital of Poland in 1826.

Experts will now try to determine the cause of the woman’s death, noting that pregnancy carried many risks for more than 2000 years, and may have contributed to the woman’s death.

The controversy still exists, and only new scientific research will resolve it, putting points above the letters and revealing more secrets about the ancient Egyptian civilization.

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