An international team of scientists found that glaciers around the world are melting faster, resulting in a loss of 31% of snow and ice annually than they were 15 years ago.
In an article published in the journal Nature, these scientists attributed the reason to climate change caused by burning fossil fuels.
The researchers analyzed satellite data and calculated that 220,000 mountain glaciers have lost more than 298 billion tons of snow and ice annually since 2015.
It was observed that this volume of water is sufficient to cover Switzerland with 7.2 meters of water height. At the same time, the rate of melting from 2015 to 2019 increased by 71 billion tons annually, compared to the period between 2000-2004, while half of the global ice cover losses occur in the United States and Canada.
And scientists saw that the rate of melting of ice in the Alaska region (in America) is one of the highest in the world, with the Columbia Glacier retreating by about 35 meters annually. However, glaciers are melting all over the world, even in Tibet, which was considered relatively stable. Only Iceland and Scandinavia have many glaciers, the mass of which increases due to the increased amount of precipitation.
Experts predict that shrinking glaciers could be a disaster for millions of people who depend on them as a source of water, and the rapid melting of these glaciers could cause fatal breakthroughs in glaciers, for example, in India.