IBM announced that it has achieved a major breakthrough in the field of computer processors, by developing a 2-nanometer chip in the laboratory.
Computer chips are measured in nanometers, and a lower number usually indicates significant development progress.
The company says that the experimental chip may improve performance by 45 percent compared to the current commercially available products, which rely on 7-nanometer chips.
She added that the chip is characterized by being more energy efficient, as it consumes 75 percent less energy than the currently available chips, while providing the same performance.
The company claims that the new technology can increase the life of cell phone batteries four times, which means that phones may only need to be charged once every four days.
The computer chip industry has been using nanometers – one billionth of a meter – to measure the physical size of semiconductor transistors. More broadly, numbers lower than nanometers are being seen as a marketing term to describe new generations of technology, indicating better performance and lower energy consumption.
IBM says the new processor can combine the operations of 50 billion transistors into a “finger-sized chip”, up from 30 billion when the company announced the development of a “5-nanometer” chip in 2017.
Current advanced 7-nanometer computer chips, such as AMD Ryzen processors, did not become widely available until 2019, four years after IBM announced the development of the technology.
However, well-known commercial chip makers, such as Intel and TSMC, which make AMD processors, have said they are already planning to build micro-chip factories in the coming years.
“It could be seen as a breakthrough,” said Peter Roden, director of research at IDC, a market intelligence company.
“We have seen the semiconductor manufacturers move from 14 nanometers to 10 nanometers to 7 nanometers, with 7 nanometers being a real challenge for some,” he added.
He said that the new “IBM” chip could be used in artificial intelligence applications that today need additional technology, such as super video cards, to handle some tasks.
He added that increased energy efficiency could be beneficial in personal devices, while increased performance would benefit large data centers.
“It also sends a message to the IT industry that IBM continues to maintain its position as a powerhouse in equipment research (field),” he said.
IBM said that its experimental 2-nanometer chip was manufactured in the Albany research laboratory in the United States.
This comes at a time when the world is witnessing a shortage of computer chips, and efforts are aimed at changing the chip industry in order to reduce dependence on the main foundries in China and Taiwan.
Automakers had been forced to suspend production due to a shortage of computer components, and smartphone makers had also warned that their productivity could be affected, and advanced computer components, such as video cards, became difficult to find and sold at high prices.
And joined the “Nintendo” company on Thursday to the group of companies concerned, and said that the lack of chips affects the production of the “Nintendo Switch” platform, which is very popular.
The global shortage of segments prompted the US President, Joe Biden, to hold a special industrial summit to discuss the shortage problem. In Britain, the government interfered with the acquisition of chip design company “ARM” by the technology giant “NVIDIA”.
The CEO of Intel also announced an investment of $ 20 billion in two new factories in the United States, and told the BBC that Asia’s acquisition of 80 percent of the supply from global segments is not a good idea.