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Last year, the United Nations recorded the first probable case of autonomous drones launching an attack on people independently, in an incident that occurred during military operations in Libya.
The United Nations Security Council Group of Experts on Libya stated in a report issued in March 2021 and reported by “New Scientist” that the incident occurred in March 2020 during clashes between the Turkish-backed Libyan Government of National Accord forces and the “Libyan National Army” led by Khalifa Haftar.
The report indicated that Turkish “Kargu-2” drones carried out an attack on a group of members of the “Libyan National Army” during the retreat of its forces from the vicinity of the capital, Tripoli.
He noted that fighters in Haftar’s forces “were not trained or encouraged to defend” against attacks carried out by such drones during their “random retreat.”
The drones, according to the report, were “programmed to attack targets without the need to transfer communication data between the operating party and the weapon.”
The report stressed that combat drones and lethal autonomous weapons systems “attacked these fighters without any human intervention.”
Confirmation of this information may mean recording the first case of autonomous combat devices acting in an independent way to attack people.
And “Kargu-2” is a Turkish “suicide” drone equipped with explosives and may be guided by humans or through the use of on-board cameras and artificial intelligence to search for targets in an autonomous manner.
The UN report did not specify whether the attack led to the killing of these targeted fighters, but it pointed out that the operations of the mentioned drones may result in “significant losses.”
Source: “New Scientist” + agencies